Zebrina (difficult simpleton).
Zebrina: This plant has received a resounding name for striped coloring of leaves, "like a zebra, well, swell, striped mattress." Like its close relatives - Tradescantia and "wonderful doctor" Golden mustache (kalliziya fragrant) - zebrina belongs to the family Commelinaceae and also has medicinal properties. Beautiful leaves zebriny with pleasure and regale our favorite pets: birds, turtles, hamsters, cats, etc..
Zebrina (Zebrina) - herbaceous perennial plant native to Mexico and Central America. Long creeping shoots zebriny covered with ovate-pointy leaves. Breeders brought fancy varieties, which are the leaves lengthwise strips vary greatly in width and color: green, silver, white, white, gray, pink, brownish-red of various shades. Spring and summer blooms zebrina small modest flowers of pink, lilac, violet tones. Flower zebriny has srostnolistnye cup and whisk (unlike spiderwort flower with free sepals and petals).
In the indoor horticulture there are some species zebriny:
- Zebrina hanging (Z. pendula) or pendant - the most common type, which has a wide range of distinct medicinal properties. Has a rather large, naked, on the edge of the ciliated leaves. On the upper surface of the sheet to reddish-green background are two silver stripes; Lower leaves are purple-red. The flowers are intensely pink, purple or violet.
Famous brand zebriny hanging "Quadrisolor" decorated with ornate colored (green, white, bright pink, and silver) stripes on the leaves. In the variety "Discolor Multicolor" on the edge of the leaf is held contrasting creamy-pink rim.
- Zebrina purpuza (Z. purpusii) - sturdy plant that has no clear stripes on the leaves. Slightly pubescent on top of the leaves have a reddish-olive-green color; underside of the leaves naked, purple. The flowers are lavender.
- Zebrina flokkuloza (Z. flocculosa) differs whitish, hairy, soft leaves.
In young plants zebriny short shoots erect, and as they move down the regrowth and form a continuous cascade of gustooblistvennyh stems. Therefore zebrinu often grown as a wonderful basket plant or as a ground cover that covers the bare ground in a large container with stam plant. And at the same time covers a zebrina and the container itself, hanging over the edges, which makes this song even more effective (of course, if the "curtained" zebrinoy container is not a masterpiece of decorative art).
Stem zebriny able to branch out and take root at the nodes to form a continuous carpet on the ground. Next to the fountain in the conservatory loving moist air zebrina grows very luxuriantly. Once I could admire the great variegated cascade zebriny shoots that grew in the winter garden in the spacious stone "bowl." Spreading over a considerable area on the surface of the ground inside of stones wide "bowl", zebrina beautifully flows down on her walls. Against the background of natural stones hanging shoots zebriny looked very organic and elegant.
Care zebrinoy is exactly the same as for a related and very similar to her room variegated Tradescantia. On leaves zebriny should not get scorching rays of the sun. Zebrina semi-shade, but in the shadow of its leaves turn pale - the bright colors of leaves retained only when there is sufficient light. Watering should be moderate; excess water and fertilizers (mineral and organic) also negatively affects the leaf color zebriny. For plants preferred high humidity, but dry air zebrina transfers.
Advantages zebriny - resistance to pests and diseases, lung clone quickly rooting cuttings. The disadvantage is the need to annually zebriny rejuvenate and lost grafted ornamental shoots that the plant was neat and magnificent views. The recommended composition of the substrate for planting: leaf, turf, humus soil, sand in the ratio (2: 1: 1: 0.5).
Zebrinu can be planted in the garden for the summer. Together with his "relatives" and Tradescantia setkreaziyami, spotted zebriny fit well with summer floral garden dance and have time to build up for the season significant green mass.
Decorating summer garden, lush overgrown "in the wild" zebrina has not only decorative value, but also can serve as:
- Basis cute "living gifts" Put some lush rooted apical cuttings zebriny in a beautiful pot - and a gift ready !;
- Useful food for pets;
- Valuable medicinal raw materials.
Healing properties zebriny known different people for a long time. Zebrina traditionally grown in Buddhist monasteries and is a cult plant with Tibetan monks. In Latin America, its crushed leaves applied to the purulent wounds and swelling, blisters and bruises. Zebrinoy treated diabetes and gynecological diseases, facial neuralgia, colds; fresh leaf juice helped with tuberculosis and dental diseases. A decoction of the leaves in Cuba zebriny ingested with colitis, flatulence, dysentery, cholera and other infectious gastrointestinal diseases.
Russian healers, too, has long been used zebrinu applying its leaves (purple bottom side) to the injured skin, abscesses, ulcers, tumors, boils - facilitated pain, swelling subsides, the wound is delayed, restored bruised tissue. In the case also comes freshly squeezed juice, gruel of fresh leaf aqueous extract of leaves, alcoholate, powder of crushed dried leaves, ointments and balms based zebriny.
Studies conducted in different countries in the last century, found in the juice zebriny unique components (they help to reduce blood sugar) and volatile, killing germs and viruses. This explains why the same high anti-inflammatory activity zebriny, like aloe and kalanchoe.
Zebrina - a source of nutrients, and the stabilizer of the gastrointestinal tract. This is in some unknown way for a person immediately determine pets, which rarely fails to run on the grass in the street; zebrina replaces them in the house of healing natural pasture.
As spiderwort, zebrina cleans the air in the room and facilitates breathing human, responsive to the negative factors of the surrounding space. As zebriny can define ecological home: even with proper care growing in a geopathic zone zebrina has stunted appearance. So that is what it is useful - a modest zebrina, long familiar to all, and is seen by many as a "village simpleton" among the "trendy" pot plants.