Gardenia zhasminovidnaya - elegant shrub of the family Rubiaceae, her birthplace - the Ryukyu Islands, Japan and China. Year-round sports a shiny gardenia, if just laundered and nalakirovannymi, large leathery leaves, among which from July to October there are spectacularly twisted candle-buds and large white fragrant flowers of creamy dressing, competing with a rose in its beauty and fragrance.
Even a single flower is capable of filling the entire apartment unobtrusive fragrance. But, as any beauty gardenia demanding and capricious. Need to know what she likes, and to be able to please her, to have the good fortune as a reward to contemplate in all its glory. A lover of heat, light and sun, gardenia feels comfortable only in the temperature range of 15-24 degrees, only on strong entirely leafy shoots laid a lot of flower buds.
High or low temperature, temperature fluctuation can lead to fall off the buds. Watering warm and soft water temperate land should always be slightly damp, desirable and high humidity. Cold and hard water for irrigation can cause yellowing leaves. Winter watering is rare. All the time, except for the period of flowering, need frequent spraying.
Yellowing leaves can cause soil and incorrectly matched: for gardenia acidity must not exceed 5.0. Substrate containing peat, sand, softwood, turf and ground sheet (1: 1: 1: 2: 1), it is necessary to 2 times a month pour a weak acid solution (a few drops of lemon juice to 1 liter of water) or water infused with peat. From March to August, it is necessary to make fertilizer without lime at a low concentration.
To gardenia bush was lush, it is necessary to adjust the length of shoot pruning after flowering and before the transplant in February. Optionally, you can render the plant not only the usual roses, but shtamovuyu form, since full-color varieties of gardenia can reach heights of more than a meter.
Necessary for the formation of the trunk near the stem to establish a strong footing and with the growth of the stem to remove from it all side shoots, leaving the leaves and tying through a short stem to the support. When the plant reaches the desired height, remove the growing point and form of strong shoots a beautiful crown, and only then remove the leaves from the main stem.
Propagated by cuttings of gardenia in water or light heated soil cuttings spraying water will accelerate the business. Particularly fast rooting occurs in the spring.