Ginura (Gynura) - genus of tropical plants in the family Asteraceae, which unites about 100 species; some species are grown in culture. "Ginura" in Greek, "a woman with a tail" - this name could be given to the genus and for the long whip-shoots of these plants, and for the long pistils of flowers.
Ginura - evergreen shrub up to a meter with a ribbed climbing shoots. Beautiful leaves ginury (top - green, bottom -bordovye) vary in size and shape. Decorative feature ginury is spectacular densely pubescent whole plant purple-violet hairs; especially the bright colors in young leaves. For this exotic, furry outfit ginuru growers called "blue bird".
For the young, the shoots grow back up ginury potted set support (in the form of a ladder or trellis); adult ginuru with long drooping shoots grown as basket plant.
In the indoor environment is most common ginura orange (G. aurantiaca) hails from the mountain forests of. Java. Also florists grow ginuru stolonifera (G. sarmentosa) from East Africa with oblong-ovate and sharpened on the top leaves, ginuru rising (G. scandens) with coarser teeth on the leaves.
Blossoms ginura abundantly from spring to late fall: at the ends of drooping shoots located small (diameter 1.5 cm), similar to small dandelion florets tubular-baskets golden yellow or orange. We can tie ginury seeds and indoors. Ginury flowers, even though they are not very attractive, are an interesting contrast the foliage; but they have a major drawback - a bad smell. Therefore, many growers prefer to pick off at ginury appearing buds; moreover, due to the shallow flowering foliage.
Like all plants with bright colors of leaves, ginura light demand - otherwise typical color disappears and the plant is strongly extended, losing decorative. Therefore photophilous ginure provide a sunny window with bright light, but from a very hot summer rays its cover. Ginuru watered from spring to autumn abundant, and winter - in moderation, but a clod overdry impossible.
Leaves ginury usually not sprayed, because they are from the water may appear brown spots; desired humidity around the plant support in other ways. During the growth ginuru fed 1-2 times a month with a weak solution of fertilizer. For the formation of a beautiful plant with a lot of shoots in ginury desirable from time to time, pinch the tops of the stems grow back to their cause lateral branching. To rejuvenate the need to regularly trim the adult plant, using cut shoots on reproduction.
Winter ginuru contain light cool (about 19 degrees, but no lower than 12 degrees). In warm weather, you can make a potted plant to fresh air (to the balcony, in the garden); Some growers planted ginuru the summer in open ground. Transplanted ginuru as needed in the spring, but usually more than two years, growers mature plant does not grow, as over time it becomes ugly. Besides, the old plant tolerates winter worse young.
Ginuru propagated vegetatively and by seed. Cuttings were cut from shoots semilignified ginury spring, summer or fall, root easily 1-1.5 weeks (in water, wet sand, peat or perlite) at room temperature. The top of the young plant pinch to stimulate tillering. With the growth of ginuru rolled over into the soil mixture of turf, leaf soil, humus and sand in the ratio of (1: 1: 1: 0.5). Young plants razivayutsya quickly and soon bloom. On ginure because of its pubescence rarely appear pests (aphids happens).