Hydrangea, or gidrangeya (Hydrangea) was imported into Europe from China by the English botanist D. Banks in the second half of the XVIII century. Connoisseurs of beautiful flowers have spared a lot of money for the bushes, covered with large wrinkled leaves oval or egg-shaped, with numerous large buds.
View source for gorshÑ‘chnoy culture was Hydrangea macrophylla, which is called the old editions of the Japanese hydrangea, or hydrangea garden. Subsequently, all the ground form of this hydrangea were classified as H. macrophylla, and greenhouse hybrids and varieties - to H. hortensis. Hydrangea macrophylla is wanted inmate in the garden as an ornamental shrub in the house as gorshÑ‘chnaya culture.
She cut to the lush bouquets, cut to the same branch with inflorescences caps without any treatment remarkably preserved shape and color for a long time. And in Russia in olden Hydrangea macrophylla also enjoyed great love and was an indispensable party to the Easter celebrations.
In spherical, umbellate or corymbose inflorescences delicate flowers of various colors of hydrangea and colors - white, pink, red, blue - very original in structure: large colored sepals form the basis of colorful blossoms, and the remaining parts of the flower are underdeveloped. In the center of the flower can be seen a small ball - it has four petals arranged in a rudimentary stamens and pistils, flowers are hydrangeas fruitless.
In umbrella inflorescence inconspicuous flowers in the center surrounded by a wreath umbrella large sterile flowers. Artificially bred double spherical shape with huge buds. Hydrangea blooms from spring to autumn, buds on the bush to last too long.
Hydrangea - shade tolerant plant, it does not like direct sunlight. In addition to winter in the rest of the year requires abundant watering the soil with warm soft water after it dries the surface light that is necessary for root respiration. Summer pot with hydrangea can be taken on the balcony, even better to transplant hydrangea for the summer in a shady garden spot. During flowering in the spring and summer to the end of August, 2 times a month along with irrigation carried hydrangea rhododendron fertilizer top dressing (or a mixture of the total fertilizer), manure to fertilize is not recommended. Autumn with hydrangea bush again put into the pot before the frost and are entered into the room.
After flowering weak and breaking form bush shoots are removed, strong shoots hydrangeas can be cut (spring pruning can not hold, as the flower buds are at the top of the shoot). If not hydrangea planted in the garden in the summer and has grown so much that it became the pot is too small, you can, if necessary, her transplant. Then hydrangea should be set to the light, ripe to new shoots, which next year will flower.
Since the end of September hydrangea put in a dark cool place, occasionally moistening the soil, hydrangea drops leaves. From November to the end of January hydrangea contain at 4-6 degrees, the soil should not dry. Since the beginning of February hydrangea bring to light a warm place and resume regular watering. Transplanted hydrangea annually in the spring; for white, pink and red varieties used nizkokisly substrate, and for the blue varieties - a substrate with high acidity (for azaleas), so as not to stain the Bleak inflorescences.
Substrate can produce yourself: take the turf, leaf soil and sand (2: 1: 1) with the addition of peat or leaf and peat land (1: 1) with sand. Adding to the soil potassium salts or aluminum sulfate produces blue and blue inflorescences Kohler (best it succeeds with some red and pink varieties).
By May hydrangea again covered with flowers, and at the end of frost it can again be planted in the garden; hydrangea blossoms even painless transports this transplant (without breaking the earthen clod). Propagated by dividing the hydrangea bush, basal shoots and green apical cuttings. At too high temperature and dry air strikes hydrangea aphids and spider mites.