Camellia - Capricious known, but it is very good! Impressive crown dark green leathery, as if varnished, camellia leaves with beautiful flowers of a rich palette of colors fit into any interior; openwork tree beautifully and without flowers. Growers are particularly pleased that the excessive duration of flowering camellia falls on the darkest and coldest months of the year - from November to April. Elegant large flowers with thick "wax" petals odorless.
Camellia (Camellia) family of Tea - flowering evergreen shrub or tree native to subtropical regions of Southeast Asia. In the world known 80 species of flora; There are many cultural forms that adorn their flowers gardens and parks warm countries. Outdoors most often grown Japanese camellia (C.japonica), or mountain camellia sasankvu (C. sasanqua), camellia mesh (C. reticulata); their decorative forms and varieties are very popular.
In cool greenhouses and grow rooms especially valuable Japanese camellia and slow-growing, more sustainable mountain camellia with hanging shoots. Indoors camellia tree with many years of good care can achieve four-meter height, becoming every year more and more elaborate. Breeders created more than 1,000 varieties of camellias with various colors and shades of simple, semi-double and double flowers: pure white, pink, salmon, red; There are even instances of varied (with contrasting spots, stripes or edging on the petals).
Camellia flower size depends on the variety; usually their diameter ranges from 4-10 cm. Camellia is considered one of the most difficult to grow houseplants. She needs a cool and bright (but protected from direct sunlight) place, regular watering and spraying. Only bookmarks camellia flower buds have a high temperature (20-25 degrees); to mature buds - no higher than 15 degrees; during the flowering period the optimum temperature of 8-10 (not exceeding 12) degrees.
At Watering Camellia can not use lime water is used only soft water. Soil in the pot with camellia should be evenly moist; should not be allowed either drying or moistening of the substrate.
In winter, the leaves and buds of Camellia sprayed daily (not moisturizing loose flowers). Experts advise: after flowering camellia better to leave the room and plenty of water, and in the open air (in partial shade) puts out only after the new growth (June-July).
This dramatically reduces watering camellias: it watered only after the wilting of young leaves (to prevent the growth of new leaves and facilitate drilling of buds). Morning and evening crown camellia sprayed. Since the beginning of the formation of new shoots and the end of July camellia needed mineral and organic fertilization. In August feeding is stopped, thereby laying the flower buds.
After the appearance of buds renew abundant watering camellias. It is recommended to leave at the end of each shoot 1-2 strongest bud, and delete the rest (with less fall buds develop more beautiful flowers). In the late summer - early autumn camellias make a cool light room and placed near a window.
During budding, it is not recommended to move the pot with camellia, it can cause bud drop. Buds fall also due to drying or waterlogged soil (stagnant water), the use of hard water for irrigation. Camellia suffers from too high temperatures, dry air from the room, from the extreme temperatures - resets not only the buds, but leaves.
Camellias are not usually pruned, if necessary, make the pruning before transplanting; You can root the cuttings cut. Camellia transplanted every 2 years after the end of flowering or summer (but no later than the end of July). Substrate for camellias is composed of a mixture of: leaf, peat, turf, conifers earth and sand (2: 2: 2: 2: 1); the soil should be acidic.
Propagated camellias apical cuttings (with olive green shoots); at the lower heating on rooting requires 2 months. Cuttings root in a mixture of equal parts trofyanoy earth and sand, or in pure sand. Should be regularly inspected and camellia timely deal with pests: aphids, mealy and scale insects root, scale insects. Various fungal diseases cause the leaves of Camellia pyatnistnost.