Coleus valued growers for spectacular pÑ‘strookrashennye leaves with a diverse (and every time a new one) a combination of colors: green, white, cream, yellow, pink, red, burgundy, bronze, brown, purple. Bright mosaic velvety leaves Coleus never ceases to amaze and fascinate the richness of colors and shades, exquisite patterns.
Coleus are often the main contrast color leaf border, and veins, marble pattern, large and small specks, spots, stains, striped patterns with overflow, giving the leaves of exotic species. When growing a variety of coleus with decorative leaves of different shapes, sizes and color are obtained interesting and impressive color compositions in the window or in the garden.
Coleus (Coleus) - genus of perennial evergreen plants in the family Lamiaceae, which unites about 150 species of dwarf shrubs and herbs. In nature, Coleus grows in the tropical forests of Africa and Asia. Starchy tubers of certain types of coleus (C. parviflorus, C. edulis, etc..) The local population eats. There are kinds of flowering coleus (C. frederici, C. thyrsoides, C. shirensis, etc..) And Decorative leef species (C. rehneltianus, et al.).
Coleus species C. pumilus grown as a classic basket plant. In room culture are the most common forms obtained from species Coleus skutellarioydesa (C. scutellarioides), among which are very popular and widely spread is the hybrid coleus Blum (C. blumei hybrida) with its many forms and varieties.
Leaves and tetrahedral erect, woody at the base of the stems Coleus structurally very similar to the nettle, so people coleus called "Krapivka." Plant height ranges typically from 30 to 50 cm; well formed shrub pruning. Elongated, pubescent on both sides of the leaves of Coleus more oval-ovate, serrated; there are forms with curly leaves and fringed edges. In large-leaved varieties of Coleus large leaves reach a length of 15 cm or more.
Among the varieties of Coleus are a more hardy plants with a relatively thick middle-sized leaves and varieties with delicate leaves that are injured by the slightest draft. For planting in the garden of the most commonly used forms of sustainable small-leaved Coleus, which rapidly form ganging fluffy bushes. Coleus are easy to tolerate a haircut, after which further expand in breadth and form elegant carpets.
Coleus are extremely easy to grow and succeed even novice gardeners, if you follow the rules of uncomplicated care. Panicles with inconspicuous small blue or purple flowers resembling sage blossoms often appear in coleus under adverse conditions of (too dense soil, low in nutrients in the substrate, insufficient watering, etc..).
That the plant did not spend a lot of energy on flowering is not delayed in development and had no leaves were ground, flower arrow removed immediately after its occurrence. To get a beautiful shrub with a variety of Coleus lateral shoots, the plants also pinch out the tops to enhance branching.
Coleus - very heat-loving and light-loving plants; only when sufficient light and fresh air is kept very bright color of leaves and a compact bush.
With a lack of lighting coleus leaves turn pale, and the stems are pulled over, which significantly reduces the ornamental plants. Many types and forms of Coleus like bright light, but can not tolerate direct sun - their leaves droop and fade from the hot rays and the plants look oppressed. Very comfortable "dosing sun" coleus growing in a sunny window, using blinds.
Summer Coleus require copious watering, otherwise the active evaporation of moisture leaves fall, become flabby. Excellent grow Coleus gentle summer light on the glass balcony, protected from wind and weather. Optimum conditions winter maintenance Coleus are a cool light place (temperature about 15 degrees, no less than 8 degrees), no drafts or sudden changes in temperature, very moderate watering.
Very sensitive to cold Coleus in adverse conditions may not survive the winter; for errors in the care of (most of the "cold, wet feet"), they often fall off the leaves and the roots rot. When too dry and warm in the winter on the content of Coleus often attack pests (spider mites, mealy bug, etc..). From a lack of natural light in the winter Coleus izrastayutsya (fade and spread out), losing its former beauty, so these plants require periodic rejuvenation and renewal, frequent transplanting.
Coleus spring drastically cut (cut branches go on cuttings) and transplanted into an easy and nutritious flower land. I remove the old instance of the roots from the bottom and bury him Transfer, contributing to the formation of new young roots sprinkled on the substrate side of the stem. Experts recommend the following compositions for coleus substrate: turf ground, ground sheet, peat and sand in equal parts, or a mixture of leaf, turf ground, humus and sand in the ratio (4: 4: 2: 1). Coleus fertilize 2-3 times a month from March to August, alternating mineral and organic fertilization.
Coleus is very easy to reproduce - vegetatively and by seed. Obtained by pruning cuttings Coleus at 16-18 degrees quickly (1-2 weeks) are rooted in moist sand in a mixture of peat and sand or water. When the roots of the cuttings are planted in small pots. After a short time coleus cuttings grow into adult plants; if necessary, the handling of them in larger pots.
Grow coleus from seed - a real pleasure; in recent years in selling delicious mixture Coleus seeds from England and Holland. Black shiny seeds Coleus sow in early spring as little as possible in a flat box, moisturize from the sprinkler, covered with glass and put in a warm place. Coleus seeds germinate and actively together; germination of seed quality is extremely high, so there is a possibility of each seed thrown into the substrate to receive soon a young plant with unusual coloring of leaves.
This process is very exciting, and I always watch for the development of Coleus seedlings with a sinking heart: because as they grow leaves brighten all the new colors, as if an invisible artist as a surprise to them regularly adds an elaborate painting, gradually bringing to perfection his creation.
Coleus seedlings very unpretentious, well tolerated by the pick and grow fast. It is important not to be late with their sparring until such time as the grown seedlings have enough space for full development. After picking and rooting tronuvshegosya growth in seedlings pruned several times for good tillering. Already in the early summer of each seedling Coleus formed wonderful chunky bush.
Since Coleus is very heat-loving and absolutely can not tolerate the cold (and especially freezing), the last hardened plants can be planted in the garden just after the summer heat. Coleus look great in groups (especially planted near specimens with variously colored foliage), in beds, borders and containers of all kinds (decorative vases, flower pots, outdoor pots) in combination with other plants.
For planting in the garden coleus selected protected from the wind is light or pritenÑ‘nny corner of the garden, bringing in the planting hole fertile air and water permeable substrate. All summer and early autumn foliage wonderful coleus comes over the garden with bright colors. Faced with the threat of autumn frosts plants are transplanted into pots, and enter the house, on a bright warm window.