Laurel (Laurus nobilis) is known to all as a spice. A native of the Mediterranean evergreen laurel was introduced to the Black Sea coast by the ancient Greeks, and has since successfully grown in most warm regions of our country in the field; often runs wild. In nature, under favorable conditions, the laurel grows into a tall tree, reaching 10-12 m. Colder climates due to frequent freezing of it grows in bush form.
In most climates laurel can only be grown in protected conditions. He tolerates trimming, and therefore the culture room it can be cut according to the size of the room. I grow laurel only in the open field. In the literature, there is information about the possibility of propagation of laurel, but I do not breed in this way, and so I will tell only of seed reproduction.
Do laurel seeds are large, oval-shaped, up to 2 cm long, covered by a thin fleshy sheath that contains many essential oils. This shell protects the seeds from drying and premature germination.
Laurel seeds, as well as all the laurel, can not tolerate drying and remain viable for long (3-5 months if they are stored in a cool, humid place). Before sowing the seeds with laurel need to remove the shell, otherwise they will be a very long time to rise. It is advisable to sow them directly into individual pots with a capacity of not less than a liter. If planting is done in the open ground, then - once a permanent place.
Laurel seedlings appear gradually, in the period from April to August. Sometimes it can be seen as a separate ground seeds begin to sprout in January (if prematurely rotted seed coat), but then in the case of the return of severe frosts seedlings often die.
Frost resistance and other properties of laurel can vary considerably from clone to clone. When seed reproduction laurel arise form, sometimes very different from the parent, which allows selection of the most productive and hardy plants. The most I know of thermophilic forms are damaged already at -6C, and the most hardy tree stood up short frost-12C without damage.
Laurel is very tolerant of different types of soil, can not tolerate excessively wet only.
In nature, laurel can grow in the undergrowth of deciduous forests, as there is very photophilous. But the most high content of essential oils in the plant is only in good sunlight. Laurel leaves collect in November and December, when the content of essential oils in the plant maximum.
The room is desirable to include Laurel winter at low temperature (not above 10 C), and in the spring make the open air. New growth can be damaged at Laurel even small frost, so no need to hurry with the removal of the plant on the street.
Crop plants is best done in March, before the start of active growth. In the first year seedlings laurel can be no feed, and from the second year of cultivation, you can apply any fertilizer in the form of a solution, in small doses. Outdoors, I did not notice damage to plants pests.
Of diseases in the laurel was marked only sooty plaque, whose presence does not affect the development of plants, and only spoils the appearance of the leaves. This plaque is easily washed off with water. Fungicides for treatment of plants I did not apply, the more it appears the mushroom disease is very rare. Under favorable conditions, plant growth laurel and very durable in the soil can live up to 80-100 years.