Laurel in the garden and home.
Laurel is familiar to all in the form certainly present in the kitchen, stored up for future use harsh dry leaves seasoning - "lavrushki", gives the dish a unique flavor. Rank of the winner - "crowned with laurels" - since ancient times is customarily together with a laurel wreath people, known for their outstanding achievements in various fields. In ancient Greece and Rome, laurel considered a sacred plant, and landed at the Sanctuary of Apollo, it is already more than 2 thousand years ago, grown in their villas by the Romans.
Laurel (Laurus) of the laurel family - evergreen tree, often shrub with dense, dark green and shiny on top, oblong, slightly wavy on the edge of the leaves about 10 cm long. Laurel blooms in the spring; small flowers that bloom for a few pieces in the leaf axils - tatty (white, cream or golden). Female plants after flowering formed black with a blue tint, inedible fruit (juicy drupes).
In laurel leaves and fruits contain essential oil, used in perfumery, medicine, confectionery and liqueur production. Laurel leaves contain the maximum amount of essential oils in November-December. Homeland laurel - Mediterranean countries. Laurel (L. nobilis) cultivated since ancient times in many countries with mild, wet winters and hot dry summers.
Laurel photophilous, but can grow in the shade of a small; it fits any type of soil. Laurel withstand short-term drop in temperature, but turns the leaves from frost and cold winds. Without pruning laurel can grow up to 6 meters and above, so you need time to limit its growth and pursue formation of a crown - in the form of a bush or tree bole. Spring removed the damaged stems and leaves of the laurel, and decorative trimming is carried out in the summer - it is well tolerated haircut and cut the shanks (or cuttings) are used for rooting. Laurel adorns gardens and parks as tapeworm, and looks great in the compositions.
As a houseplant Laurel appeared in Europe since the middle of the XVI century. Besides laurel, in room culture grown laurel Camara (L. Camara). Growers laurel appreciated for elegance and simplicity, with the saturation of the air in the room with volatile production. Laurel is easily adaptable to a variety of room conditions, but grows best if it is enough light and fresh air (in the summer, it is desirable to make it in the garden or on the balcony).
Endurance laurel allows him to carry dry air rooms with central heating, drafts, low temperatures, lack of light. Regular spraying of laurel leaves improves humidity and good growth. Laurel drought resistant; spring and autumn it needs moderate watering in summer - abundant with frequent "shower", and in winter - limited (Laurel does not tolerate soil moisture in winter) with cool content.
For laurel characterized by slow growth, so it is rarely transplanted (young laurels - 2 years, adults - 3-4 years in the spring). Laurel grows best in medium-sized pots, so the transplant is necessary to take the pot a little more than before. Laurel substrate is composed of a mixture of turf and humus, sand in the ratio (2: 1: 1) with the addition of lime. Summer Laura recommended fertilizing watering with liquid manure once every three weeks.
Annual pruning limits the height of laurel (usually 1-1.5 meters) and allows you to form a crown at its discretion (pyramidal, rounded, etc..). When the content of the indoor laurel almost never blooms. At room conditions laurel propagated by seed (in the spring) and cuttings (cut from matured, but not lignified shoots and root in April and June-July).
At Laurel often attacks Jose scale, as well as annoying aphids and mealy bug, so it leaves need to be inspected regularly.