Lithops (guest desert).
From year to year in place of withered and dead aboveground parts Lithops appears exactly the same a couple of leaves and flowers are the same. From this plant surprises should be expected, but this has its charm! Lithops are designed primarily for fans of the original plants and collectors. They are good for making compositions of succulents and rock garden in pots, bowls.
Lithops belongs to the family aizovyh genus which includes about 80 species, and grow in sandy and rocky deserts of South and South-West Africa. The name "Lithops" comes from the Greek words Lithops - stone and opsis - like, and very clear why: because Lithops - a typical example of mimicry, as they very accurately replicate the small stones, pebbles of which are growing. Even some desert animals that feed on these plants can not always find Lithops - so good he can be masked!
Brought forth in the wilderness, Lithops have to put up with the lack of moisture. In plants, very long roots that can go far deeper, into the soil to get the life-giving water. And in times of drought Lithops able to dig into the soil. Such flexibility is provided by contractile roots, retractors Lithops into the ground.
If, after reading all the above you have a desire to shelter the "pebble" Lithops home, it is necessary to analyze in detail what this plant. So, the young plants Lithops are one pair of leaves, fused together in cone-shaped "body." Older plants grow and are denser courtines. Thus, Lithops - small acaulescent leaf succulents. The upper part of the succulent leaves of the truncated, flat or slightly convex. Leaf color has a wide range of colors, as Lithops and masked under the granite, limestone and under stones, under the rubble and sand.
Lithops nothing called "supersukkulentami" - they require a lot of sun (I understand why), and very little water (which is also clear). Only on very hot days they can be a little spray. From October to April watering Lithops stop at all, are kept at a temperature of 12-15 degrees, and begin to pour in late spring, when it begins to appear a couple of new leaves. Lithops are not fed, they do not need it. Transplant when Lithops too will grow and they will work closely to live in a bowl. Lithops plant in a container with good drainage, the substrate is composed of leaf soil and sand in equal parts. You can add a bit of clay, and sprinkle the top layer of fine gravel - will look very decorative!
The most important thing in the care of Lithops - do not pour! Not perelesh - escape decay, is the main cause of death Lithops grown in pots. If you want to water once again - look first forecast, did not go there in the desert rain! (Just kidding). In the late summer - early autumn of the gap between the succulent leaves Lithops appear bright flowers like a daisy or daisy. Sometimes flowers are so big that they exceed the size of the leaves. The flowers are white, yellow and golden yellow. White and sometimes fragrant flowers in beautiful Lithops, yellow - in a divided Lithops, golden yellow - at Lithops lozhnousechÑ‘nnogo.
Lithops grows well in the Primorsky Territory, where I come from. Certainly not in the forest, and on the window sill - a great plant, fits very well into the interior. And he is well with us because the winter sun. Even when it's snowing, the sun still shines all around. Lithops provide the warmest and sunniest place and watch the tale of awakening life fragile flower that grew out of the middle of the most unprepossessing at first sight "pebble" -Guests desert.