Homeland evergreen myrtle (Myrtus, myrtle family) - the Mediterranean. There are also bushes and stunted trees that are scented small oval leaves, green and variegated, and in mid-summer, covered a lot of small fragrant white flowers with a fan of the most delicate stamens.
With myrtle associated with many legends and stories. Myrtle refers to plants that are mentioned in the Bible. In ancient times, myrtle was dedicated to the Greek goddess Aphrodite and is a symbol of youth and beauty. The Romans and Greeks, the bride's head crowned with myrtle wreath. Myrtle tree given away at a wedding, or for any other reason, and without any reason, and as a symbol of the wish for happiness.
Myrtle cultivated for about 400 years. Garden forms are distinguished by the color of fruits and leaves, but they nemorozoustoychivy and can only grow in regions with mild climate. Mirta suitable any well-drained soil in a secluded, zaschischÑ‘nnnom from wind garden in the sun.
Normal myrtle (M.communis) the most hardy species, reaching 3 meters in height, with glossy dark green leaves. He blooms in June and July, white flowers, later turning into black berries. In compact form M.communis tarentina narrower leaves and white berries. Myrtle bushes formed in late spring. Myrtles multiply sowing seeds under glass in spring or rooting cuttings taken in summer green at the lower heating of the soil.
In the culture room with good care myrtle able to live very long and can reach a height of 1 meter (or more). Put a pot or tub of myrtle tree on a bright sunny place, with constant access to fresh air. Most spray myrtle. Moderate watering myrtle tree with soft water, keeping an easy soil moisture, preventing overdrying or water stagnation.
In the spring, if necessary, re-pot myrtle in a slightly larger pot with the addition of fresh earth (young myrtles are transplanted annually). From March to August myrtle fertilize every week. Winter temperatures content myrtle tree should not be above 10 degrees, limited watering.
Myrtle well gives formirovke, beautiful shape in the form of a bush or tree can be obtained by cutting the shoots. Cut myrtle gradually, slowly and regularly, otherwise strong-stage pruning prevent flowering. Pruning stimulates the emergence of lateral branches, and myrtle every year will still magnificent.
Cut with myrtle spring or summer semilignified apical cuttings can be used for breeding - rooting them in the substrate, covered with a glass jar planted sapling.
Under unfavorable conditions of myrtle tree infestation of whitefly and scale insects.