Nephrolepis delicate fan.
The genus name "Nephrolepis" comes from the Greek words "nefros" - "kidney" and "lepis" - "Scale". Genus Nephrolepis includes about 30 species distributed in tropical areas of Southeast Asia, America and Australia. This is one of the best plant suitable for cultivation in the room. Leaves Nephrolepis pinnatisect, light green, long. Sporangia are located on the underside of leaves.
Nephrolepis is considered one of the most beautiful ferns. The room it is better to place single. In close contact with the other Nephrolepis plants or pieces of furniture may be damaged fragile fern leaves.
Place for Plants should be chosen light, but protected from direct sunlight. Optimal location for Nephrolepis - near the west or east window. On warm summer days is useful to make a fern on the street or the balcony to get some fresh air. Summer temperatures content - from 18 to 21 degrees; winter - 18 degrees. In autumn and winter, this is stressful for Nephrolepis dry air in the living room. To make life easier for the flower, you need to spray it with room temperature water every day, you can even twice a day.
Nephrolepis need regular maintenance. The land must be kept moist but not waterlogged. When landing at the bottom of the pot make high drainage layer to prevent rotting soil and provide good ventilation. Water the plant otstoennoy soft, boiled water. Regularly sprayed leaves. Dead or damaged leaves are removed in a timely manner.
Nephrolepis fed during the growing season each week strongly diluted fertilizer for plants dekorativnolistvennye: active growth of ferns depend on the availability of nutrients in the substrate. In winter, watering it a little cut, not fed.
Transplanted young fern 1 times a year in spring and mature plants - 2-3 years. The substrate must consist of a mixture of deciduous earth, humus, peat, turf, sand in a ratio (3: 1: 3: 2: 1) supplemented with the sphagnum moss. Although, if you do not want to fiddle with complicated substrate can be mixed hardwood, grassy land and sand in the ratio (3: 1: 1).
Useful to add to the land of charcoal - it is a good germicide, "Zielonka" for plants. During the transfer does not fill up the ground neck fern - the top of the rhizome, leave on the ground. Immediately after transplantation abundantly water the plant and within a week stay wet the substrate, so as not to lower leaves withered.
Nephrolepis - terrestrial and epiphytic perennial with a short rhizome, which formed the ground but leaves rooting vines from which to grow a new plant. A few lashes pressed against the surface of the ground pins or another pot pieces of wire. Cuttings should be watered so that the substrate in the pot was constantly wet. When the cuttings will go to growth, their carefully separated.
More can be propagated Nephrolepis offspring, which are formed on the rhizome. They were transplanted to the substrate with the addition of peat well watered cover film and the temperature of about 15 degrees. When transplanting adult Nephrolepis in February and March can be carefully divide the rhizome, each delenki put in a separate pot, cover with small slips transparent bag, put in a bright warm place and watered regularly.
Nephrolepis often amazed mealybug and scale insects. Scale insects collected by hand, and then disinfect their homes pest place cotton swab dipped in alcohol. Mealybug afraid aktellik, fitoverm and water - often spray the water fern out of the shower. Nephrolepis afraid of bright sunshine - the leaves can be burned. When poor, meager irrigation Nephrolepis leaves wither. The pale color of leaves, poor plant growth indicate a lack of nutrients. Yellow leaves from the bottom, on the older leaves brown spots - if too warm, dry air.
But if the leaves Nephrolepis, on the bottom surface thereof, appeared brown dots, stripes - do not worry, it disputes that were formed in the saccular receptacles fern - sporangia. Disputes can be used for breeding fern, but it is very time consuming.