Oleander - a large evergreen shrub of the family kutrovyh with narrow dark green leathery leaves and brownish stems, covered with rounded lenticels.
There are many garden forms of oleander, which differ in color (from white to red, yellow) and terry in racemes of bright large flowers, the intensity of their smell. In nature, this shrub grows in water, forming a fragrant flowering bushes; common in areas with a Mediterranean climate - from Southern Europe and North Africa to Japan.
Oleander belongs to the easy to care for plants. Typically, it is grown in greenhouses or in the garden, in clinics or offices, so as an adult shrub can grow up in a room up to 2 meters or more, which has caused some growers enthusiasts. However, the home is still possible to grow this beauty - Oleander responds very well to pruning, even (or perhaps I should say - even more so) to the most radical!
With it you get:
- Firstly, a compact bushy plants, rather than two or three stunted, swinging, leafless stalk;
- Second, the height of the plant will depend on you!
- Third, the bloom will be more abundant.
Prune immediately after flowering oleander. Do not cut the oleander in the spring, as the buds on the branches laid last year. And withered blossoms do not rush to cut off - they can bloom again. Just do not forget that while working with oleander it is necessary to wear gloves - the plant is poisonous! Substances contained in the juice of leaves and stems, may cause a rash on the skin.
Oleander needs bright sunlight. If the plant is a little light, it will pull the shoots, the leaves fade, and the buds will not reveal. Location in oleander in a period of growth should be warm - 20-25 degrees. Ideal export oleander summer dacha (you can even prikopat pot with a plant next to the pond) or put it on the balcony (if they contain oleander in the hot sun in the pan pot should always be water).
If you can not make a summer Oleander "holiday in nature", then ventilate the room regularly and intensively. But in the winter will have to tinker with the plant (probably sooner I said about easy care). Winter oleanders need temperature between 2 and 12 degrees with the mandatory content of the light: if you put a bush in a shaded area, it will reset the leaves and the next year will not bloom.
A flowering oleander usually very long, depending on the variety - from June to October. One can see the inflorescence and flowers, and buds, and ovaries. Unfortunately, not all varieties of fragrant oleander. As a typical southern flower, oleander will bloom only every being in the sun, as well as getting the necessary nutrition and moisture.
During the active growing season oleander watered too profusely; during dormancy watering limit. Do not water the oleander cold water - he does not like it. Do not allow peresushki earthen clod, including winter. In a heated room Oleander will be useful regular spraying with water at room temperature: will not dry the tips of its leaves.
Fed oleander from April to August fertilizer for flowering plants, it responds well to fertilization. Handling young oleander bushes held annually in early spring, transplant adult shrubs - every 2-3 years. Recommended fertile substrate: sod, ground sheet, humus and sand in the ratio (4: 2: 2: 1).
Propagated by cuttings in summer oleander, and easier rooting occurs in neodresnevevshih cuttings. Possible to implant them into the ground or sand, but it is best to root oleander in the water - it's faster appear roots. Add the water, pieces of charcoal, it will prevent the decay of the cuttings. Failure reproduction oleander - a rare phenomenon.
If you have poor nutrition and lack of moisture in the summer, warm in winter with excessive oleander may be affected by scale insects, spider mites, scale insects, aphids. Schitovkami removed manually, oleander leaves rubbed with a sponge dampened with vodka. More can be washed all the plant in the shower (it is also a good prevention of pests). Scale insects, aphids and spider mites are afraid fitoverm and aktellik.
Despite some moments, oleander - a blessed plant, it can be strongly recommended for beginners. With a variety of beautiful flowers, and the possibility of making any form of oleander - from the bush to the trunk with climbing the stem - it is suitable for almost any interior. But do not forget about the toxicity of all parts of the plant not grow it where there are children and animals. In medicine, the leaves of the oleander do drugs used in cardiac disorders.