Balsams are favorite colors to decorate a house capable of year-round abundance of colorful flowers on a background of leaves caps. It's not just plants - balsams planted after spring frosts in the flower beds, flower pots, window boxes, hanging baskets, - form and under the open sky bright colorful spots and cascades of greenery and flowers (autumn balsams are dug and stored indoors in winter).
Balsam, or impatiens (Impatiens) family of balsa are rich in species diversity - annual and perennial herbaceous plants and dwarf shrubs that grow in tropical East Africa and India, Ceylon, New Guinea, in the temperate regions of Asia. Impatiens genus is named due to the fact that a box with a ripe seed at the slightest touch to it with a bang bursts and scatters the seeds away around him.
In room culture bred cultivated forms Balzaminov. In Europe Impatiens hit the end of the XVI century and immediately became one of the most common houseplants; it is often called "flame", "Zanzibar flower" or "Vanka wet" (with the liquid droplets at the tips of the leaves, which when dry form a translucent pellet).
Balzaminov flowers do resemble flames, "burning" on a background of leaves in bright colors: white, pink, all shades, salmon, orange, yellow, red, purple, - one color, as well as the "eye" or strips. Leaves Balzaminov - elliptical or lanceolate, toothed on the edge, are green, bronze-brown, red or variegated color.
Among the many types of Balzaminov grown in the room, on the balcony and in the garden, the most widely used year-round blooming Impatiens Waller, Waller or (I. valleriana). This herbaceous shrub with richly branched, succulent shoots translucent, forming compact bushes about 25 cm tall, dwarf varieties is not higher than 15 cm. Large, diverse color flowers balsam Waller before plentiful that they can almost completely cover the leaves - a bush in a pot looks like delivered in a vase bouquet of flowers.
Popular and less common large-New Guinea hybrids with elongated leaves, growing well in the sun. Ampelnoe Impatiens Ceylon has reddish stems and yellow flowers. Photophilic balsams unpretentious: grow well in partial shade, and put up with the sills of the northern windows, and with the shadow in the garden under the trees.
On hot summer days, balsams (except New Guinea hybrids) desirable pritenyat from direct sunlight. Summer Impatiens requires regular watering without water stagnation and dressing 2 times a month, alternating between a complete fertilizer low concentration and infusion of mullein (1:10). In winter, the need for irrigation is reduced (with excess moisture begins rotting roots and stems), Impatiens, it is desirable to place it in a cool light place with a temperature of about 15 degrees. At too high a temperature balsams affected aphids and spider mites.
Spring adult balsams transplanted into an easy breeding ground and briefly cut off to form the young shoots, and cut apical cuttings are used for breeding (they are easily rooted in water in a few days). Balsams Waller also breeds the seeds that are planted in early spring and germinate after 2-3 weeks, and in the summer are already blooming - available for sale with amazing mixture of different colors of leaves and flowers, allowing for one season to grow a whole collection Balzaminov.