Ornamental pepper or capsicum, or annual paprika (Capsicum annuum) of the nightshade family originates from Central and South America, East Asia. This plant with pungent taste fruit is also known as "chili", "sweet peppers", "Mexican pepper"; in many countries it is used as a spice (the green parts of the plant are poisonous).
Grown indoors ornamental pepper is original decoration bright kitchen windowsill. Especially prized low (20-30 cm), compact, branching and gustooblistvennye varieties with an abundance (up to fifty) wonderful multicolored peppers - red, orange, purple, yellow, bright purple, almost black.
Displayed a wide variety of Capsicum varieties that differ not only painting, but also the size of the fruit (small-fruited and large-fruited). Diverse and shape of the fruit - short or long, blunt or pointed, slightly curved or flat: conical, round, cylindrical and even pear. The fruit of the pepper bushes of different varieties can be hanging or upward.
Room pepper loves bright location with ventilation; in the summer it can be taken on the balcony or in the garden on a secure place. Flowering early planted peppers usually begins in May and during the summer on the bush reveals all the new flowers. In summer the plant can be seen on both the flowers and fruits of different maturity and colors that still enhances the decorative effect.
In the care of pepper unpretentious; in the summer it needs abundant watering and fertilizing. Autumn pot with a plant are entered into the room where the late fruits ripen on a sunny window. Bright peppercorn invariably attract children, so they need to advance to explain that the fruit is very bitter and acrid, if rip pepper and rub those fingers eyes or lick torn pepper - the mucous membranes of the eyes and mouth will get very severe irritation.
When ornamental peppers grown for harvest, it is recommended that when the first of the ovaries prischipnut ends of all the branches. With abundant fruiting in a pot with pepper sticks set-props. Usually otplodonosivshie plant after harvest discarded, but sometimes growers cultivate ornamental pepper as perennial. In winter, the plant contain a saved easy cool (18-20 degrees) with moderate watering and early spring has lost a compact bush pruned for lush growth.
Propagated by seeds and cuttings pepper. Extracted from ripe peppers seeds suitable for planting. Put pepper in any nutritional ground, but it grows best in a mixture of leaf, humus soil and sand in the ratio (2: 2: 1). There is often a pepper seedlings mushroom disease "black leg", so the seeds and the soil before planting disinfected, taking other preventive measures.
Usually seeds are sown (from January until the first half of March) in a box and cover it with glass; shoots appear after 2-3 weeks. When the leaves of pepper seedlings are transplanted into small individual pots, maintain uniform moderate humidity of the substrate. When zaglublÑ‘nnoy planting, excessive moisture content of the substrate and the cold from developing pepper root rot.
After rooting seedlings when they are touched in growth, pinch them for better tillering and fed complete mineral fertilizer, and from the beginning of flowering - potash and phosphate fertilizers three times a month. Actively growing bushes pepper if necessary, rolled over in the bigger pots once or twice during the summer, prischipyvaya bushes for splendor. In very warm, dry and stagnant air pepper affect aphids and spider mites.