Rosemary in the house and in the garden.
Rosemary - popular since ancient times aromatic plants; Greeks dedicated it to the goddess Venus. It was believed that a lovely rosemary makes a person cheerful and happy, gets rid of bad dreams and keeps you young. It has long been a favorite spice in the Mediterranean countries. In the wild rosemary is found in southern Europe. In regions with a warm climate rosemary growing in the open ground in one place for 20 years, reaching a height of 2 meters.
High bushes of rosemary are often grown in the hedge, and creeping forms - on the alpine slide. Rosemary (Rosmarinus) - hardy evergreen shrub non-frost resistant Lamiaceae family with small leathery leaves and racemes of blue, white or pink flowers. Of aromatic needle-like leaves and flowering shoots of rosemary essential oil is obtained, used in perfumery and medicine.
Flowers and leaves are used as a spice in cooking (insist wine and vinegar as a seasoning for salads and fish, for sauces, etc..), Bath and as an insecticide (moth balls). In folk medicine, rosemary - a good remedy for easing indigestion and headaches, weakness of the heart, liver and metabolic disorders; it has a stimulating effect on blood circulation.
Light-requiring and thermophilic rosemary undemanding in cultivation, but does not like sudden changes in temperature and stagnant water from excessive watering, dropping leaves. In the summer, it is desirable rosemary from the pot to transplant into the garden (protected from the wind on a sunny warm place) or put on a sunny balcony, so as not to reduce the content of essential oil. In a little rosemary requires copious irrigation; The lack of moisture in his yellow lower leaves. During the period of mass flowering rosemary cut from young, densely covered with hairs shoots with leaves and flowers, using them for processing and drying.
Spring, autumn and winter rosemary contain a light windowsill in a cool room (fresh coolness in the winter at a temperature of 5-15 degrees provides a compact bush and abundant flowering); regular moderate watering. Rosemary bush trimmed in the spring for a good tillering, leaving 3-4 internodes increase in the previous year. If adult stems of rosemary laid bare, in February-March renewal pruning is carried out (typically every 7 years), cutting off the shoots at ground level. Large bushes of rosemary can hibernate in the cold greenhouse or conservatory, dry cellar or basement.
If rosemary for the summer is not planted in the garden, then, if necessary, in the early spring spend his transplant in fresh substrate; usually transplanted at 2 years, but dense root system - annually. Transplanted rosemary in a slightly larger pot with good drainage and fertile, humus-rich loose substrate. During the active growing season from March to September rosemary should be fed mineral and organic fertilizers; he loves calcium.
Rosemary is propagated by cuttings, division of shrubs, cuttings, seeds. Cuttings of rosemary, chopped summer of annual shoots, 10 cm long, half-bury into the substrate and humus mulch; they root easily. Rosemary seeds are sown in February-March, seedlings bloom the second year. Rosemary is successfully used for the cultivation of bonsai: from it is easy to form a tree with a dense crown.
It is believed that the presence of aromatic rosemary in the house has beneficial effects on unbalanced people, pregnant women and children, relieves anxiety, insomnia and loss of strength.