Syngonium due to its versatility and elegance fits into any interior. Beautiful leaves have long petioles Syngonium and bound up, form a continuous cascade covering shoots. If it stems not find a suitable support, the Syngonium grows as ground cover or hangs freely their shoots down as ampelo.
But as soon as it stalks feel right vertical support - and shoots Syngonium rush up like any climbing plant. Syngonium (Syngonium) - a beautiful fast-growing vine with numerous showy leaves. Belongs to the family Araceae Syngonium; genus includes 33 species, distributed in Central and South America.
Syngonium grown as Decorative leef plants. Its flexible herbaceous stem covered with numerous aerial roots, clinging. Syngonium meet with whole, glubokorassechÑ‘nnymi or lobed leaves. The shape of the leaves are heart-shaped Syngonium, swept, lanceolate or tripartite. Interestingly, if the young Syngonium forms solid arrowhead leaves, then as an adult on the same plant may form separate lobed leaves.
Leaf Color Syngonium kinds: monochrome or motley, with silver veins, strokes or spots; leaf color varies from different shades of green to almost white. Old copies of Syngonium rarely bloom indoors, surprising owners suddenly advent of green flowers with red bracts.
In the indoor horticulture widespread:
- Syngonium ushkovaty (S. auritum) - has a shiny trehdolchatye dark green leaves. Its sturdy stems with a diameter of 1.5-1.8 cm for the year grow by 70-90 cm.
- Syngonium nozhkolistny (S. podophyllum) with thin climbing shoots and beautiful leaves; bred varieties with different shape and color of the leaves. Has a yearly growth of shoots 45-60 cm.
Syngonium light-requiring (in this case they do not like direct sunlight and require shading from them), but maintained and penumbra. Particularly demanding for a sufficient number of bright ambient light variegated Syngonium and zelenolistnye plants are more shade-tolerant and unpretentious. Syngonium grows luxuriantly in the warm, bright room with high humidity at a temperature of not less than 18 degrees (can not stand the "cold feet"). When dry air, especially coming from the working radiators, Syngonium can attack different pests: scale insects, spider mites, mealy bug.
A regular moderate watering Syngonium soft water at room temperature. Of water stagnation in the substrate at Syngonium quickly rot the roots. In winter, the need for irrigation is reduced, but the earthen room should not be too dry. Excessive drying of the soil in the pot with Syngonium causes irreversible damage to its roots.
Syngonium must be periodically cleaned from dust leaves a damp, soft sponge, spray the leaves often. If as a support for Syngonium selected moss stem (trunk epiphytic), then together with the leaves need to be sprayed and support - it helps the air escapes stronger spines grow into the moss and get more moisture. As support for Syngonium frequently used design of bamboo and wooden sticks. To obtain lush ample plants, experts advise pinch shoots Syngonium over six to eight leaves.
Every two years and more frequently if necessary Syngonium rolled over into the pot bigger. Transplant Syngonium buy ready-standard soil mixture or make your own substrate - equal parts of leaf soil, peat, humus and sand. Landing in heavy soil may cause the development of root rot in Syngonium.
From March to August Syngonium fertilize twice a month.
Syngonium propagated in spring and summer or apical stem cuttings with aerial roots, which are relatively quickly let the roots in water. For rooting cuttings in a warm substrate pretreated Syngonium growth stimulants. Pots planted cuttings Syngonium placed in a "bag-teplichku" with a favorable climate for their establishment.
When working with Syngonium need to follow orderly: it leaves contain irritating to skin and mucous membrane of the substance.