Crassula, Crassula, zhiryanka, "money tree": This is the name of many of the most popular indoor plants, appreciating the growers for a rare combination of exotic beauty with ruggedness, resistance to pests and diseases. Crassula (Crassula) belongs to the family Crassulaceae. More than 300 species of tolstyanok found in nature; among them are the plants moist places and and succulents.
Jade is very diverse - from herbaceous (groundcover and ampelnoe) to a bush form, resembling much-tree. In room culture as ornamental plants most widely used are the following perennial species:
- Jade tree, money tree or tree-like cotyledon (C. arborescens) hails from the South-West and South Africa - succulent plant with thick woody bottom round barrel and a variety of gustooblistvennyh branches. Rounded like shiny coins, almost fused bases sessile leaves - thick, fleshy, dark green with gray shade (sometimes with reddish edges), with points ispeschrÑ‘nnoy surface.
Fallen leaves are left on the bare trunk ring convex transverse scars. With good care, this Crassula growing in the house for many years, reaching a height and width of 1-1.5 meters; Only after 10 years at the ends of the stems appear pink or white flowers.
Jade tree is very original: her thick bare trunk and beautifully formed by deliberate nipping Krona allow to get a great bonsai. Wintering bonsai in a cool (about 10 degrees) provides compactness of its branches. Since the years of bonsai becomes severe, it is shallow container must be quite massive and stable.
- Jade Cooper (C. cooperi) - succulent herbaceous low-growing plants from South Africa, growing on sandy soils in the shade of shrubs. This groundcovers such as Crassula with thin stems and thick, ciliate on the edges, sessile leaves in dense small outlets. Upper leaves spatulate, flat, green with carmine dots below reddish.
Jade Cooper blooms in the summer and in September bell-pinkish-white flowers and honey smell collected in umbellate inflorescence leafy Branched spike. Valued for its profuse and long blooming, variegated leaves. 2-3 years after planting Crassula Cooper loses decorative and requires renewal: plants grown strongly divide Transfer, perpetuate outlet.
- Crassula spatulate (C. spathulata) - succulent shrub with long creeping shoots tetrahedral, a native of rainforests of South Africa. Thin slabovetvyaschiesya shoots are long aerial roots. Rounded-spathulate thickened leaves on short stalks serrate on the edge. Collected in umbellate inflorescence apical numerous flowers that appear in September and October - white with light pink stripes down the middle of the petals. Regular watering during the year and winter maintenance at a temperature of 14-18 degrees contribute to the preservation of its decoration.
- Crassula carpet (C. socialis) comes from humid subtropical climate of South Africa. This undersized succulent herb, silnovetvyascheesya from the base of the plant. Sessile leaves are light green, ovate-triangular, ciliate on the edge, going to the end of the shoot in a dense rosette. Short flower stalks with small white flowers appear from the center of the socket; abundant flowering in February-March. Strong plants grown divide Transfer. To create a "carpet" in a container planted several cuttings. Summer carpet Crassula abundantly watered and sprayed.
- Crassula Marniera (C. marnieriana) from South Africa - a miniature plant with direct malorazvetvlÑ‘nnym stem. His broadly cordate leaves with blue solid edges are flush with each other, settling around the stem. Tops of the stems are covered with numerous white flowers on short stalks.
- Crassula lycopsids (C. lycopodiaies) of dry subtropics of South West Africa - silnovetvyaschiysya shrub with creeping shoots covered with four rows of imbricated-arranged leaves and small yellow flowers solitary. Miniature dark green leaves pointed, scaly. Small axillary flowers are yellowish-white.
- Crassula lozhnoplaunovidnaya (C. pseudolycopodiaies) like Crassula lycopsids; differs only thicker curved shoots looser arrangement blunt gray-green leaves and fragrant flowers.
- Jade Schmidt (C. schmidtii) grows in dry and humid subtropics of South Africa. Her short creeping stems are covered with linear-lanceolate leaves, the upper side of which is green and the lower reddish. The flowers are pinkish-red.
Jade put on a light spot pritenit from direct sunlight. In the summer they can be taken out into the garden (in sheltered from the sun and rain, place) or on the balcony, which requires abundant watering; when grown in the ground room maintained moderately moist, avoiding stagnation of water. In winter, Jade contain coolness to avoid stretching shoots and leaf fall; held a rare watering without drying earthen coma.
By Jade undemanding soil - they grow well in a mixture of turf, leaf, peat lands and coarse sand (1: 1: 0.5: 1). The root system is shallow, so the plants are planted in shallow wide pots with good drainage; transplant performed in the spring. Once a month in the summer of Jade fed with chemical fertilizers.
Jade propagated by cuttings, leaves and seeds. The sections of the cuttings should dry for 2-3 days before planting in a mixture of peat and sand; rooting occurs easily. Leaves tolstyanok easily break off and fell onto the substrate in 2 weeks roots. At room conditions tolstyanok flowers seeds are not tied.