Tsissus growers are much loved for the abundance of greenery in elegant long stems for easy maintenance and the ability to adapt to different conditions of detention. However, in a more favorable growth conditions tsissus manifest themselves in all the splendor of lush ornamental foliage.
Tsissus (Cissus) - genus of the family of grape; includes more than 350 species of plants, common in the tropics of Central and South America, Southeast Asia and Australia. Among these species is dominated by vines - evergreen perennial vines with entire or toothed leaves ternate. Climbing stems tsissus clinging by a spirally twisted tendrils.
Some species are grown in tsissus indoor horticulture. Tsissusa popular name - "room grapes", "southern grape", "grape ivy." Curly tsissus the trellis used for vertical gardening; in the absence of support tsissus grows as a basket plant. Tsissusa bloom indoors - a rare phenomenon; its inconspicuous, small, greenish flowers are gathered in racemes.
Most of the time growers meet the fast-growing, undemanding and resistant to diseases and pests of herbaceous vines:
- Tsissus Antarctic (C. antarctica) with large, shiny, oblong-ovate, dark green leaves. And the stems and petioles, and tendrils tsissusa covered with short red hair.
- Tsissus yellow peas (C. rombifolia) - vine with fuzzy hairs of reddish-brown hair and ternate leaves on long stalks. Young shoots and leaves are covered with silvery hairs. Glossy dark green leaves.
Less common, but more whimsical multicolored tsissus (C. discolor) with reddish-purple stems and tendrils, which requires a higher temperature and humidity content. Large, oblong-cordate, velvety leaves tsissusa colored on the top dark green surfaces are covered with silvery spots with reddish-pink tinge; Lower leaves are purple-red. In winter this can relieve tsissus leaves, and in the spring he quickly start to grow.
Undemanding to care types tsissus feel good and warm, and in a cool room, and in good light (which is preferred), and shading. However, from direct hot sunlight plants better pritenyat, creating for them a bright diffused light. Summer tsissus develop better at moderate temperature (about 20 degrees) and abundant irrigation without drying out the soil. In a warm room with dry air tsissus desirable to spray more often and put on a tray with gravel filled with water.
Tsissus fed regularly during the growing season, alternating between mineral and organic fertilizers. Antarctic winter tsissus tsissus and yellow peas contain the cool (about 14 degrees), and tsissus colorful - at a temperature of 20-22 degrees. Watered winter tsissus limited, avoiding water stagnation, otherwise occurs izrastanie shoots and root rot.
When the content of tsissusa in a room with a high temperature, low humidity and improper watering the plant may wilt shoots, appearance on the leaves dry brown spots, yellowing and leaf fall. But as soon as fix bugs in the care and, if necessary, are transplanted, the plant recovers quickly. Pruning shoots tsissusa causes lateral branching of its stems.
Transplanted adult tsissus spring every 2 years (young plants annually rolled over into a slightly larger pot). It is recommended to use loose nutrient substrate: sod, ground sheet, humus and sand in equal parts; acidic substrate undesirable.
Tsissus apical and propagated by stem cuttings, root suckers. Spring and summer cuttings with 2-3 buds are separated from the vine and root in water, sand or loose ground sheet. At a temperature of 20-22 degrees in the rooting of cuttings "mini teplichke" held for 3 weeks. Of pests tsissus sometimes found aphids.