Schlumberger - abundant and long blooming winter epiphytic shrub - a charming, unpretentious and so widespread basket plant. In limbo over the windowsill pots especially picturesque look at the background of window frost patterns her hanging jointed green shoots, the ends of which are completely covered with numerous sharp and bright buds "multistage" flowers with a long beam of fine filaments.
Schlumberger is popularly called "Decembrist" because the first flowers appear in December, as well as "Christmas cactus" because the plant is always in bloom during the celebration and the Catholic and Christian Christmas - until the end of January, and even later on it all bloom new flowers. Online Schlumberger appears under the title "Zigokaktus"; and yet, until recently, it was called "epifillyum."
Ancestors room Schlumbergera are natural kinds: Zigokaktus (Zygocactus truncatus) and Schlumberger (Schlumbergera russeliana) family of cactus native of tropical mountain rainforest of Brazil. They grow as epiphytes on the trunks and roots of trees; their ends are flattened leaf-like-shoots in the midst yuzhnotropicheskogo summer (in time coinciding with the winter of the northern hemisphere) covered dlinnotrubchatymi often asymmetrical flowers pollinated by hummingbirds.
Except for plants with natural red flowers, florists grow Schlumbergera excellent varieties with flowers of various colors: white, apricot, yellow, pink, crimson, purple, violet. Schlumberger prefers light, but non-solar location; spring and summer plant suited to partial shade and diffused light in the flowering period it would be better on the south window (protected from bright sunlight).
Schlumbergera is unacceptable for any drying earthen coma nor his excessive waterlogging. The period of active growth in Schlumbergera runs from March to August, at which time it needs: warm content, regular spraying, uniform watering with warm soft water with the maintenance of moderate soil moisture, feeding 2 times a month. It is desirable to make the summer Schlumberger balcony or place under a tree in partial shade garden before the first frost (and far from snails). In August, gradually reduce watering and fertilizing Schlumbergera for better ripening leaves.
Schlumberger - short-day plant; laying of flower buds depends on reducing both daylength and temperature maintenance. Since September, Schlumberger requires less moisture, but more fresh cool air. Light a rest period from mid-September to mid-November with a decrease in irrigation in combination with daylight hours are shortened and cool content promotes the formation of a large number of flower buds.
Therefore, in the fall, you can continue to keep on Schlumberger gazebo if there is kept a suitable temperature. Too warm autumn and winter maintenance (above 23 degrees) promotes strong vegetative growth of shoots in the absence of flowering Schlumbergera. A lower temperature (17-20 degrees) promotes tab flower buds only when the short day.
More lower temperature (10-15 degrees) promotes the formation of buds regardless of day length (at a temperature below 10 degrees buds are formed). Once Schlumbergera charted buds, the plant was placed on a constant with temperature of 15-20 degrees at night and 20-22 degrees during the day.
During the active budding and flowering Schlumbergera can not rearrange and change the orientation of the plants to the light; should protect the plant from direct sunlight, regularly moisturize substrate and keep it warm - otherwise the plant will reset buds and flowers. With the end of flowering Schlumbergera have a period of rest until the spring; want to reduce watering and keep the plant in a cool (temperature 10-15 degrees).
Schlumberger grown in light, having slightly acidic and well-permeable substrate with good drainage on third of the height of the pot. In the spring, the beginning of new growth it is transplanted (from mid-March to April) in fresh substrate (sod, ground sheet, humus and sand in the ratio of 1: 3: 2: 1 with the addition of a small amount of charcoal and pounded brick).
Schlumberger well propagated by cuttings and grafting maintaining varietal characteristics; seeds - for breeding. Matured stem cuttings with 2-3 segments, gently otkruchennye from the parent plant in April and May, and slightly dried during the day, root easily in moist substrate. Grafting Schlumbergera cacti (Pereskia, gilotsereus, selenitsereus) provides interesting stam form. Schlumberger is extremely resistant to pests and diseases, but from improper care can shrink or fall off its segments.