The name "epifillyum" means "on the sheet" - which means that the plants flower blossoms on the sheet, in fact epifillyum - leafless epiphytic shrub, having a flattened leaf-stalks.
Rhode epifillyum (Epiphyllum) includes about 20 species of epiphytic cacti from tropical rainforests. Because of the similarity stems with leaves epifillyum earlier erroneously designated as leafy cactus (fillokaktusy). Also known as "epifillyum" long wearing so-called "Christmas cactus" (Zigokaktus, Schlumberger). Thus, long with the names of these plants reigned solid messes that now many confusing.
Growers rarely grown epifillyum natural species due to their inherent night flowering. Widespread as a basket plant numerous hybrids epifillyum with drooping shoots covered with charming delicate flowers (white, yellow, cream, orange, pink, red, purple, violet) of various shapes and structures; There are also dwarf varieties. Epifillyum buds bloom long, but large, often fragrant, funnel-shaped single or double flowers (they can reach a diameter of 35 cm) are held only a few days; by artificial pollination formed large red edible fruits with seeds that are used for reproduction.
For Epiphyllym choose light or semidarkness; in the summer the plant as much as possible bring to the fresh air in the garden or on the balcony (to protect from hot sunlight), as it is difficult to tolerate stagnant air spaces (may appear fungal diseases). Saving the contents of the fresh air promotes good growth and lush flowering.
Epifillyum from spring to autumn loves the heat and humidity of the uniform, it is sensitive to soil drying; during the growth it needs regular moderate watering soft water at room temperature. Periodic feeding Epiphyllym fertilizers weak concentration and organic fertilizers are held from March to August; before dressing mandatory watering with clean water.
From November to March at Epiphyllym a period of rest required content in the cool of plants at a temperature of 10-15 degrees. Autumn and winter reduce watering; if during the period of rest does not provide cool and not to limit watering - epifillyum blossom will not. In early spring with the Bush removed thin and ugly shoots.
Long flowering epifillyum usually runs from May to July. After flowering, if necessary, the transplantation of plants rich in humus, slightly acidic substrate (a mixture of turf, leaf and humus soil with the addition of sand, peat, sphagnum, horn shavings). Epifillyum not like transplanting, it is not recommended to disturb the plant transfer more often than once every 3-4 years - with regular dressing in more frequent transplanting is not necessary.
For reproduction Epiphyllym shoots cut into cuttings of at least 6 cm (y valuable varieties - 4 cm) slices powdered with coal powder and rooting stimulator, dried slices a few days before the formation of the film and the root in a pot with sand, erecting a "mini-teplichku." Also rooting cuttings Epiphyllym possible and in pure water, soaking them no deeper than 1-2 cm.
Dry air epifillyum appear scale insects, spider mites, aphids (especially on tender buds), so the plant and the air around him for the prevention of pests and improve the microclimate periodically sprayed with warm soft water through a very fine, pulverized spray. When the pests netsvetuschie shoots Epiphyllym usually immersed in water for 2-3 hours or periodically arrange plant "souls."