Pineapple from the cutting.
Pineapple - a gift of the tropics, introducing the house fragrant smell and a sense of celebration. Pineapple fruit has the form of a giant cones with perky green "tufted" and rough flaky skin covers a very juicy sour-sweet pulp. Divine aromas and flavors of ripe pineapple only (his skin is pressed with your finger); experts warn that never store a pineapple in the fridge!
Contained in pineapple sugar, acids, vitamins and other substances make it a useful product, normalizing metabolism. Looking at the impressive size of pineapple stems, it seems that somewhere far away, under the hot tropical sun, they poured sweet juice on a huge tree - but this fantasy, born from the principle of proportionality size of the mother plant and its fruit, in this case does not meet the reality.
Pineapple (Ananas) - genus of perennial evergreen grass family Bromeliads; Central and South America 5 common types of pineapple. From the leaves of some species of pineapple fiber is obtained. Because of the wonderful fruit in many tropical and subtropical countries cultivated pineapple Crested (A. comosus), having much shorter stem. His hard gray-green, prickly on the edge, remnevidnye leaves collected in a dense rosette, which reaches a height of 80 cm.
Apical inflorescence of numerous tightly fused tubular flowers form large (sometimes reaching 15 kg) orange-brown infructescence. Cut from purchased mature pineapple green apical rosette of leaves, if she did not damaged the central point of growth and leaves, can be used for the cultivation of pineapple at home (in the warm light room or conservatory).
Experienced growers with proper care possible to achieve flowering and fruiting of pineapple grown from cuttings from the top of the fruit. Seedheads on pineapple usually appears 3-4 years after planting the cuttings; Under favorable growing conditions, it reaches from 0.5 kg to 1.5 kg. Taste of his own grown "home" pineapple reached full maturity, is not inferior to "natural."
This method of growing pineapples from the crown of leaves developed an expert on growing tropical crops YG Salgusom:
1 rosette leaves are cut with a sharp knife with a piece of dried stems of pineapple and slice a week in the dark, hanging stalk pendent. Then powdered with the base of the cutting charcoal powder and put in a low pot (pineapple root system grows wider and penetrates shallow) with a drain hole.
Bottom of the pot covered with a layer of drainage with pieces of charcoal in the pot is poured without sealing the substrate and plant stalks, slightly deepening the lower part of the green socket into soft ground. Substrate for rooting cuttings of pineapple are a mixture of turf and ground sheet, peat, birch sawdust and coarse sand (3: 2: 2: 2: 1), steamed and dried it before boarding.
2 After planting, water the soil cuttings warm pink solution of potassium permanganate, in a pot with handle pineapple construct a "mini-teplichku" and put the pot in a bright (but not in the sun), a warm place (not below 25 degrees). Rooting ends in 1-2 months - starting to grow new leaves. With the growth of rooted stalk summer rolled over into a wider bowl; substrate is made from turf, humus, peat land, rotted birch wood and sand (3: 2: 3: 2: 1).
3 Pineapple photophilous, it is placed in a room in a sunny spot (when you turn the pot on the window growth slows pineapple). In the cold season in a pineapple, a period of rest (November to March), if it at this time kept at a temperature of about 15 degrees and not water (the rest period in the pineapple will not work if the soil temperature is maintained not less than 22 degrees and conducted supplementary lighting 8 -10 hours per day).
Spring watering pineapple gradually increased, and in the summer watered abundantly warm (30 degrees) water and periodically organize "souls." During the growing season pineapple fed 2 times a month infusion of mullein, after the appearance of the flower stalk fed complete mineral fertilizer with trace elements, keeping the soil constantly moist. Flowering pineapple lasts about 2 weeks. After flowering, the growth of stems renew organic fertilizing. From the moment of flowering to ripening seedheads takes about six months.
Multiple points of topping growth in the crown of the seed heads (the first time - immediately after flowering, and then as its renewal) accelerates ripening pineapple, but then this socket from a remote point of growth can no longer be used for breeding. During (or after) at the outlet of fruiting pineapple formed lateral and basal offspring, which can also be used for propagation (stems on them are formed smaller than apical cuttings).
In room culture grown ornamental pineapple with beautiful foliage. Withdrawn decorative variegated forms pineapple crested (with striped green-yellow-white leaves, with pink leaves), requiring a lot of space (with meter scale leaves), as well as compact varieties. Dwarf ornamental pineapple form small rosettes of leaves (approximately 20 cm diameter); in dwarf varieties Ananas nanus no spines on the leaves. Decorative Ananas bracteatus different bright red bracts beams over seedheads.
Decorative pineapples also love the light and the heat content of the winter is not below 18 degrees. Summer watering plentiful (soft water at room temperature), in the rest of the year are watered less. When the content of the pineapple in the winter near a heater (and very dry air in the room), the plant dry out the leaf tips.
Transplanted decorative pineapple usually after 2 years in the summer; fed it 2 times a month from May to September. Adult specimens of most species of ornamental pineapple with good care form inflorescences, of which soon developed medium-sized fragrant but inedible miniature stems (size 10 - 15 cm) golden brown.
At the end of flowering and fruiting pineapple rosette dies, so you need to take care of his vegetative reproduction for further cultivation. In addition to the top of the stems, used for breeding side and basal cuttings, which gently break out when they reach lengths of 15 cm and perpetuate.