Garnet in the garden and in the house.
Pomegranates - familiar from childhood patrons autumn fruit markets. Under a bright, dry pomegranate peel crowded in groups its numerous ruby â€‹â€‹grains with a tart sour-sweet juice. Pomegranate seeds are very similar to the scattering of brilliant gems of the same size and structure - and I want to string them on a thread.
Under the thinnest transparent shell of each grain, through a layer of juicy pink or red seed cover in the middle of each grain of peeps elongated seed. Pomegranate (Punica) - genus of evergreen trees or deciduous shrubs in the family Pomegranate growing in subtropical countries. Height pomegranate trees is 5-10 meters, yield - 50-60 kg. Pomegranates are considered curative - in the fruit contains a lot of sugar, citric acid, vitamin C, tannin.
Heat-loving and non-frost resistant pomegranate trees are beautiful in the garden from spring until winter; until January to keep their branches bright round fruit-lanterns. Thanks to the brilliant green leaves and beautiful flowers on strong branching shoots grenades from ancient times used in ornamental horticulture; he decorated the famous gardens of Babylon. In ancient times, pomegranate called "Carthaginian apple." Garnet begins to bloom in the summer, so it is scarlet flowers in the East symbolize offensive hot summer season.
There are many garden forms of pomegranate (P. granatum) with single or double flowers. At the time of flowering garden grenades, the branches of which are strewn with flowers of different colors (pink, fiery red, white, cream, light yellow) look great in single and group plantings, in hedges and are used for cutting.
Very decorative pomegranates and fruiting decorated granatinami with leathery yellow, red or purple pericarp. Most of the decorative terry garnets do not form fruit. Garnet tolerates shearing and valued also for undemanding to soil, resistance to wind, endurance in adverse conditions.
Garden dwarf forms of garnets with small oval leathery leaves are suitable for pot culture. Decorative grenades formed as stam tree or shrub with 3-5 trunks; this woody plant when young shoots are very flexible, allowing to create any form of crown and trunk, which is ideal for bonsai. Beautifully shaped garnet in a suitable container - a real decoration of the winter garden.
At room conditions often growing and fruiting dwarf form of the common garnet with crimson flowers, blooming from a young age. Fairly large funnel-shaped flowers of pomegranate terminal or axillary, solitary or aggregated in several pieces; they may differ in length of the pistil. Fruits are formed from the ovaries of long pistils and flowers with short pistils fruitless.
Size grown indoors fruit several times less than in the garden grenades; stam from garnet size and number of fruit more than the roses. Excessive watering trees during fruit ripening can cause them to crack.
Garnet photophilous it grows well in the southern, south-western and western window. With good lighting, abundant irrigation and fertilizer during the active growing season pomegranate blooms all summer. From spring to autumn, grenades can be set to fresh air, pritenit at midday from the hot sun. Since August grenade reduce watering and feeding cease to ripened shoots.
Before the rest period lasting 3-4 months, pomegranate leaves fall off. Winter tree pomegranate contain at low temperature (for example, frost-basement) and a rare watering. Spring pomegranate remove dry branches and shoots trimmed (leaving 2-3 pairs of leaves) to induce branching in the formation of the crown. To grenades bloomed, the young shoots are cut not in spring and after flowering. During the summer, systematically remove excess coppice shoots, often appearing at the bottom and the bottom of the Stalks.
As we age (every 5 years) grenades rejuvenate periodically removing one of the old trunks and leaving instead a strong young shoot. Pomegranate tree grows best in a small container filled with a nutrient substrate (turf, humus, leaf soil, sand (1: 0.5: 1: 1)). Transplant grenade held in the spring with swelling of the kidneys; young seedlings are transplanted each year, adult plants - every 2-3 years, and the old - every 4-5 years.
Propagated pomegranate cuttings, layering, root suckers, seeds and grafting. Cuttings are cut from trees matured shoots in February and March, and in the summer - with semilignified cleaner (rooted more slowly than in the spring). Large, well-developed specimens of garnet grown from cuttings can bloom already 2-3 years after planting. During the multiplication of root suckers grenades too quickly begins to bear fruit, but it gives a large amount of root shoots.
When sowing seed reproduction is done in spring or autumn. Extracted from pomegranate seeds with seeds and pulp are placed in water for a few days, then purified from the pulp and seeded. During the multiplication of seeds grow strong seedlings, which are not transmitted varietal quality of the parent plant. The first 2-3 years of pomegranate seedlings grow without forming.
On the tree the first fruits in 4-5 years, and comes to a stable fruiting it in 7-8 years. Seedlings can be grafted on the desired grade garnet. Vaccination is carried out by cuttings (in splitting and under the bark after a dormant period in March-April), or sleeping eye (budding in August); reliable place to accretion vaccinations should be protected from the hot sun rays. Shoots and leaves of pomegranate need to be inspected regularly - they may appear aphids, whitefly, powdery mildew.