And one Gladiolus - it is a lush bouquet of gorgeous flowers, and if a few gladioli - a real parade of colors. Matched for timing of flowering and various color varieties of gladiolus, flowering the second half of July to September, making the garden and house an abundance of luxurious flowers on slender stalks. Growers include gladiolus world to one of the flowering plants, gladiolus and popularity in many countries is increasing from year to year.
Gladiolus - a perennial plant of the family klubnelukovichnoe kasatikovye, translated from Latin means "sword". Indeed, gladiolus leaves resemble shot up into the sky sword. Mention of gladiolus found in the works of Greek and Roman thinkers corms in ancient times were used for healing and for food. Ancient Roman legend claims that a gladiolus corm lies a mysterious force that can protect against injury of the person wearing it as an amulet on his chest and makes him invincible.
In nature, there are about 170 species of gladiolus, most of which are native to South Africa and Madagascar. European wild species usually gladiolusov melkotsvetnye and Eurasian species odorless. Cold-resistant species gladioli planted in August and September, bloom in May and June. But the most popular hybrid varieties of gladioli, which are the ancestors of the South African species.
Breeding work on breeding varieties of gladiolus, begun in the 19th century in Belgium, has been continued in many countries, including in Russia. Gladiolus now among the five most common srezochnyh cultures in the world. Cut florets gladioli with good care are about 10 days in a vase and they were dissolved before the last flower (changing to the lower flowers have to be removed regularly).
Varietal signs gladiolus are combined into two main groups: fine (size and flower color, flower shape, the shape and length of the inflorescence, the number of buds in the inflorescence, the number of open flowers, the number of colored buds) and business (plant height, flowering time, resistance to adverse environmental conditions, the multiplication factor, portability).
In accordance with this classification of each type received code consisting of three digits: the first indicates the size of the flower, the second indicates the basic color, and the third - its tone. The size of the flower of gladiolus varieties are divided into 5 groups: miniature, melkotsvetkovye, srednetsvetkovye, large-and giant. Gladiolus and good with small (less than 6 cm) flowers, especially reminiscent of tropical butterflies, with spectacular color throat, gladiolus and good with huge flowers up to 20 cm in diameter.
Form at the edges of the petals of gladiolus can be smooth, corrugated, pleated, fringed. There gladiolus, resembling the shape of a flower carnation, terry begonia, orchid.
Striking diversity of color flowers gladiolus - the flowers of some varieties are fantastic transitions contrasting shades of indescribable beauty. Gladiolus flower color is characterized by classes: white, green, yellow, orange, salmon, salmon-pink, red, purple-pink, mauve and purple, blue-violet and purple, brown and smoky.
To elaborate more fully describe the color of the flower of gladiolus, within the class is divided into four colors, increases the degree of saturation: pale, light, medium, thick. Varieties with a border around the edges of the petals, shading or spot stand out on the lower petals (in the throat of the flower) have an odd last digit in the code. Over the years, the color intensity of one type of gladiolus may vary depending on the weather
In terms of flowering gladioli are seven groups: very early, early, middle, middle, srednepozdnie, late, very late. For the middle band is the most expedient gladioli varieties with early and middle periods of flowering.
Location of gladiolus flowers in the inflorescence can be a double-row and the next (zigzag). Height gladiolus are vigorous, medium growth, slaboroslye and undersized. Especially impressive double-row varieties vigorous man's height, peduncle which carries about 25 buds, of which open up to 10 flowers! In 1981, the UK was grown gladiolus higher than 2.5 meters.
The variety of admirable gladioli. Breeders creating new varieties of gladioli, devoting years of his life creating varieties. The result of their titanic efforts are thousands of varieties of gladioli amazing rainbow of colors with a rich range of shades.
For the successful cultivation of gladioli need arm yourself with knowledge and patience. Gladiolus - Culture laborious: Annual Digging corms in the fall, the need to prepare them for storage in the winter, the creation of appropriate conditions of storage, constant monitoring of corms during storage and culling, preparation for landing (cleaning and processing corms and kids), landing in the ground in spring , timely weeding, hoeing, watering, fertilizing, preventive spraying against pests and diseases, timely for farming - this cycle of work necessary for growing gladioli, the main of which are held in the same "the busy" time, not only scares the true lovers of gladioli.
And if a collection of gladioli, there is a need for its accounting, planting on ridges under the scheme for farming and storage of corms on grades, even more complexity. To grow smart, "as the exhibition" gladiolus, you need to choose varieties suitable for cultivation in the soil and climatic conditions of the garden. Acquire better big baby, which is easier to acclimate, or young (juvenile) healthy corms impeccable quality with a high head (height of the bulb must be greater than its diameter).
Babe should be planted annually to constantly have young corms to replace the old (they are flat), that it is time to "write off" after 3-4 years of flowering. Unfortunately, the spring can often be found in the markets of unscrupulous people who sell these old, absolutely hopeless, corms inexperienced growers (at planting corms grow old substandard gladiolus with less intense color, susceptible to disease, old bulb can not germinate).
Gladiolus light-requiring and thermophilic, they need to allocate protected from the wind (this is especially important for strong-growing varieties) sunny areas - in fact ancestors gladioli come from Africa - with a well-drained fertile soil. Gladiolus require copious irrigation (4-5 buckets of water per 1 square. Meter) at least once a week (if there was heavy rain), the systematic loosening the soil to remove weeds, consuming roots gladioli nutrients.
Since the advent of the second sheet and the end of August are made weekly in small doses of mineral fertilizers in liquid form, together with irrigation; of feeding depends largely on the height and quality of inflorescences, resistance to disease gladiolus.
Culling of diseased corms and children, treatment of seed and soil, planting gladiolus return to its original place in a few years, preventive spraying against diseases for farming and burning of dead plants, followed by treatment of the soil, the right truncation of inflorescences, protective measures against pests and diseases, implementation of technical measures, timely cleaning of corms and kids to severe frosts, proper storage allow you to have a healthy collection of gladioli.