Mango (Mangifera indica) - a beautiful evergreen tree Anakardievye family, originally from Burma and eastern regions of India. The height of a mango tree reaches 10-30 meters. Mango leaves are glossy, lanceolate (10-30 cm long, 2-5 cm wide), dark green, the back side of the lighter. Young leaves are yellow-green or red.
The flowers appear on the mango tree in late winter-early spring. Small yellowish or reddish flowers with a diameter of 4-5 mm are collected in a pyramid-shaped panicles. Inflorescence panicle-mango up to 40 cm contain from a few hundred to a few thousand flowers, most of them - men. On each panicle is tied only a few fruits.
Mangoes ripen 4-5 months after flowering. Not all varieties of mango fruit during ripening change color, so is not always easy to determine whether or not the fruit is ripe. Usually mango cut with a small sprig - helps preserve the fruit during transport. Ripe fruit can be stored in the refrigerator for 2-3 weeks.
Size mangoes ranges from 6 to 25 cm, weight - up to 2 kg. Peel of the fruit is smooth, waxy, fragrant. Inside the mango fruit is one large stone oval. Color, flavor, taste and shape of the fruits are highly dependent on the variety. There are many varieties of mangoes to the shape of the fruit from almost round to oval; their color ranges from green to yellow. Skin of the fruit can be covered with greenish, yellow or red spots and have a little "blush".
Mango fruit pulp has a very pleasant taste and aroma; its color ranges from pale yellow to orange juicy. I matured fruit pulp is very juicy, slightly fibrous, with a wide range of flavors - from very sweet to sour and even sour. There are more than 500 varieties of mango (according to some estimates, up to 1,000 varieties), which are very different from each other in size, shape, color and taste of the fruit. Industrial plantations and in the indoor environment is recommended to grow dwarf or close to them varieties of mango.
Mango tree prefers well-drained soil, successfully grows in full sun or partial shade light. Young trees do not tolerate peresushki substrate. It is recommended to fertilize mango complete balanced fertilizer.
Mango does not grow continuously, year released several periods of tree growth.
For the formation of a certain height plants need pruning; usually left in the crown of mango 3-5 main branches. Pruning is carried out in the intervals between periods of growth or immediately after harvest. Do not get carried away cutting mango, spend it as little as possible and only to the original formation of the structure of the crown; subsequently cut out only the dry branches.
Remember that excessive pruning mango tree can reduce the harvest for the next year or even push fruition for several years. Mango propagated by grafting and seeds. Currently, the manga is propagated only by grafting, as it gives guaranteed results (fruit of a certain quality, color and taste) and more compact in size and shape of the tree crown, making it useful for industrial and especially under indoor growing mangoes.
Mango seedlings grown from a stone for use as rootstock. Grafted mango trees begin to bear fruit in 1-2 years. It is necessary to follow the development of the crown of the tree and not to give him fruit as long as it does not reach a sufficient size. Most mango tree trying to bloom even at a young age - in this case, do not remove the flower mÑ‘telku until the first flowers blooming, otherwise the tree will try to bloom again and again.
In the first year of fruiting mango leave the minimum amount of fruits. The optimum size for a given amount of wood ovaries produces large, tasty and prevents depletion of the tree.