Orchid - a fairy tale for home delivery, is an extraordinary holiday long period of its flowering. Orchid flowers preserved a surprisingly long time. Small or large, bright or pale muted shades of different colors, orchids with pouting like a moody beauty, lip truly beautiful.
Orchids can not be confused with any other plant - they amaze, delight, surprise lead in its elegance. Orchids fascinate forever. Orchid World is filled with grace and beauty, but it can also find unusual, strange and even outlandish flower forms.
The family of orchids is very extensive, it combines at least 25,000 known species. Excluding polar and desert regions, orchids are being distributed worldwide. Basically orchids live in tropical forests, rocky desert shores of the seas. Most orchids comes from Asian regions, many - from Central and South America.
There they grow mostly in trees, some - on the ground or rocks. Over the past 200 years derived more 100000 beautiful orchid hybrids derived from different species and genera. For modern hybrids easy to care for, they are better adapted to our climate and light, blooming profusely wild forms. Monopodially growing orchids produced from the roots of growing up vertical main stem, the sides of which are arranged flowers.
Sympodial orchids form the main horizontal stem, where there are numerous germs. Flowers appear at the end of the shoot or at the side, the new shoots climb over the edge of the pot. Sympodial orchids have pseudobulbs (pseudobulbs), store water and nutrients and used for breeding.
Leaves of orchids usually have smooth edges; they are hard for orchids, carrying the sun and cold, soft or in shade-loving and heat-loving orchids. Dark green leaf color indicates the need for a small light, light-green - about normal orchid with gray-green leaves are very light-requiring. Depending on the origin of each kind, or hybrid orchids requires a certain temperature and humidity.
Orchid to bloom, they need a rest period, a decrease in temperature at night, a lot of light in the fall and sufficient moisture. To maintain a comfortable humidity elektrouvlazhnitel. Orchids grow well if placed in a container with moist pebbles (not in the water and at the same time they just evaporated moisture), and are surrounded by other green plants (orchids suited mikrokrimat).
Growing as epiphytes orchids can be tied to the branches or trunks. Orchids can not tolerate drafts, they should not be placed next to the battery. Necessary watering and feeding, lots of fresh air - the guarantee of health orchids. On very hot days require a copious watering or dipping in a bucket of water (excess water drains). Most orchids like spraying.
Orchids with rough leaves and thick dry bulbs need a period of rest; orchids with soft and tender leaves should never dry out. Late winter and spring begins a new growth of the majority of orchids - need to increase watering. In early summer, orchids grow and require fertilizer, water and heat for good growth. In late summer and early autumn are formed bulbs ripen new shoots. During this period, it is important to decrease the temperature by 5 degrees full autumn light and little water.
In autumn and winter the majority of orchids rest period, they need more light and a little water. Watering in the winter must be such that the roots and pseudobulbs not dry. Orchids grow in a special loose and lightweight substrate capable of accumulating power and water. Every 2 years orchid transplanted into orchidaceous substrate. During the growth of orchid fertilizer is added (for each type of orchid fertilizer own scheme - usually once a week 2-3-4). Depending on the species and varieties of orchids bloom - spring, summer, autumn or winter.
When too dry room air for orchids may appear pests: scale insects, spider mites. Orchids can annoy aphid, which attracts ants, woodlice, whiteflies, mealybugs. Viral diseases orchid leaves become pale or yellow spots are covered (no treatment). Due to fungal infections and bacteria on the leaves of orchids there are black spots and rot. Stagnation of water in the substrate also leads to decay of orchids.
When you purchase an orchid record its name and features of cultivation - it is very important for its healthy growth and flowering, because a single recommendation for all kinds of impossible.