Orchids for beginners.
To grow wonderful orchids do not necessarily have the ideal conditions - a greenhouse or indoor special glass container with automatic maintenance of the level of light and temperature.
Many contemporary forms and hybrids of orchids are grown successfully on the windowsill in a pot with a diameter of 15-30 cm, they are hardier native species and can bloom 2-3 times a year. Collection of young flowering orchid looks spectacular on the picturesque koryazhkah or in hanging baskets, fixed on a beautiful bamboo or wooden lattice.
In the indoor environment more successfully cultivated orchids, loving warmth, than those who prefer cool. Orchids love the light and fresh air in the summer at a suitable temperature can be set in the garden under the cover (under the trees and the trees on orchid pests can attack).
The house is the most suitable for orchids, loving light, a southern window sill. To protect the orchids from the sun on a southern window frame is stretched or cut gauze tulle, with a very bright sun orchid pushed back into the room. North, west or east window without direct sunlight suitable to orchids in the summer, but at other times, they will experience a lack of light and need supplementary lighting. If there is a window with different orientations, the orchid can rearrange them in different seasons to create comfortable lighting conditions and temperature.
Inside the room, orchids grow well those who do not feel the need for light. Orchids do not tolerate drafts and the close proximity of heat sources (radiators, cookers, TV), do not like big changes in temperature and humidity. With a favorable location, temperature range and good care: timely transplant, regular watering, spraying and fertilizing orchids blooms sure to please.
Depending on the adaptation to growth conditions distinguish terrestrial (growing on the ground), epiphytic (growing on trees) and litofitnye (growing on rocks) orchids. The most beautiful and largest - epiphytic orchids that grow in tropical equatorial regions, and they served as the basis for creating spectacular modern hybrid forms. Ease of cultivation, compared to natural orchids and the availability of acquisition makes it possible to join this exciting and wonderful lesson beginners who dream to grow up in the house of the most beautiful plants in the world.
Variety of orchids largest shocks: the weight of the naturally occurring orchids ranging from a few grams in the smallest species up to a ton or more for the giant species capable of felling trees under its own weight. A variety of shapes and colors of flowers for every taste, flowering period is also very impressive and provides a great opportunity for choice. There are orchids that are grown more easily than others - there is a reason for beginners to start with them.
Unpretentious and does not require complex care:
- Calantha dressed and its hybrids (New Year blooms, white with a bright magenta lip flowers about 6 cm in diameter, up to 30 units per spike length of 70 cm in the summer requires coolness and shade, bright location in winter);
- Cymbidium (palette of colors from the flowers of white and cream through yellow, orange, pink, red, purple, brown to green, bunches of flowers appear at the base of the bulbs, bloom in spring, summer, fall or winter depending on variety; miniature cymbidium bloom in winter and spring is fragrant, like light);
- Phalaenopsis (very unpretentious; not form pseudobulbs, but a lot of roots, flowers are growing up on a spike of various shapes, color and pattern, bloom in spring, autumn, winter or summer, depending on the species and varieties, hybrids bloom all year round summer semidarkness location winter light non-solar);
- Miltoniopsisy (Orchids- "Pansy") (ploskoraskrytye flowers, spotted, often yellow, white with red or pink, bloom in summer and autumn, some - all year round, flowers originate at the base of the youngest pseudobulbs; need light or semidarkness);
- Cattleya (large and colorful flowers: white, yellow, pink, red different colors appear in the spring, summer, fall or winter depending on variety; buds develop from the vagina, like light);
- Tselogina comb (blooms in winter, flowers are about 10 cm in diameter, white, cream or pale yellow with a fragrant scent of narcissus, collected for 3-9 pcs in long loose descends inflorescence loves the light);
- Stangopeya (blooms from July to October, reeking of vanilla, large pale yellow flowers dotted with purple spots, ocelli; flowers are collected at 3-10 pieces per inflorescence brush growing down;)
- Dendrobium (beautiful rich color, drooping clusters of flowers on short stalks appear in spring, bright non-solar location);
- Odontoglossumy (lush flowered panicle of flowers, spotted or tiger - yellow-brown, white and pink, white and red; aspiring up bunches of inflorescences are formed at the base of pseudobulbs, bloom in spring, summer, fall or winter depending on variety; spot light or semidarkness );
- Pafiopedilyumy (Orchids- "lady's slipper") (hybrids are very easy to care for, each rosette of leaves gives a flower growing up often escapes with a charming flower - white, yellow, green, brown, purple - are often striped, spotted or tigristym with lip -bashmachkom, bloom in spring, summer, fall or winter depending on variety; semidarkness location in the summer, winter, light non-solar);
- Tseloginy and wikis (miniature orchids, white or cream-colored, with a pleasant smell);
- Maksillyarii (bright and variegated, with a sweet odor, like a cool, grow well on a windowsill). These orchids can be the beginning of the collection and culture of a lifetime - in fact exhibit desirable collection may be one of a hundred thousand exquisite hybrids created in the world today.