Date palm (Phoenix) family arekovoy (Aresaseae) is common in the tropics of Africa and Asia. It is the oldest cultivated plants, called the "queen of the oases." The date palm is synonymous with life protects from drying ponds, gives food and shelter to people, animals and birds. There are 18 species of palm trees, of which three species are often used in indoor horticulture (a date canary (Ph. Canariensis), Tamarind Robel (Ph. Roebelinii), tamarind palmatum).
Date - one of the most pest-resistant and hardy palms in the culture. Familiar to all the sweetest and nutritious dates are the fruit of a date than usual, or palmate (Ph.dactylifera), widely cultivated in arid subtropical regions of North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, in southern Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan. In the wild jujube palmatum not found.
Translated from the Latin name of this palm means "Phoenix, fingers bearing", "fingers" - it dates, and "Phoenix" - because after the death of this young tree revives sprouts from the roots (just like the mythical bird rising from the ashes).
Tamarind ordinary less decorative than the other: has a slim slender stem bearing on the top of a spreading crown uzkoperistyh, arcuately curved at the ends of the leaves on long stalks are bluish-green; leaves pinnate leaves are cut at the top two. On the trunk of the palm trees are the remains of the petioles of leaves.
Tamarind palmatum indoors reaches age 2-3 meters in height; with a diameter of up to 2 meters of the crown, so to grow in a room suitable only young plants. Widely used for the decoration of date palm spacious rooms: conservatories, offices, halls, lobbies. In the summer, it is desirable to make a palm tree in the garden, hot pritenit from direct sunlight.
A date requires a lot of light; in the house for a uniform education leaves it to be rotated into the light so that the tip of a young leaf was sent to the back of the room. Palma should be well ventilated room and uniform watering (summer abundant, and in winter is moderate). From the rigid irrigation water comes from tamarind chlorosis, growth is stunted and brown spots on the leaves (excessive watering in winter and "cold, wet feet" also cause spotting).
Please note that if too dry substrate is a water-loving palm leaves fall down and do not restore the original position (they have to be tied to the support). Recommended in winter cool content tamarind palmate (10-15 degrees) and maintaining humidity. This palm likes moist air and frequent spraying (operating radiators need to spray the leaves every day).
From too dry air at the tips of the leaves turn brown tamarind, they appear spider mite. Frequent washing of palm leaves protects from drying and attacks vrediteley.b Phoenicia not tolerate transplanting, so in April and May should be performed transshipment (young palm trees - each year, adult - in 3-4 years, but every year to replace the topsoil.
As the substrate used specialized ground "Palm" or make up your own mixture (turf, ground sheet, humus and sand in the ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1). From April to August palm fed low doses of organic and mineral fertilizer 2-3 times a month.
Tamarind ordinary can be grown from bone after its removal from the fetus. Stone is very hard, so before planting her place for a few days in the water to swell (water changed regularly, you can add it to a growth factor). To speed up the germination of tamarind also practiced scalding bone or shell notching cautious. Bone Tamarind put vertically into the ground (or in a mixture of peat and sand), prisypaya top 1-2 cm.
Under favorable conditions (moisture content of the substrate temperature is 25-30 degrees) extracted from fresh fruit bone grows in a month, and the bones of the dried fruit sprouts may appear in 2-6 months. In early summer, you can try to germinate prepared for planting pit in the open field. Upon reaching a height of 10 cm sprout seedling is transplanted into a pot with the substrate. The lowermost leaves the barrel of a date in the form of spines; pinnate leaves appear at the Palms in about five years.