Gladiolus (stories and legends).
The botanical name of a gladiolus - gladiolus, its stem is really similar to the blade of the sword, and scarlet blossoms of some varieties - for drops of blood. So the name "gladiolus" - a Latin word (Gladius). Ancient Roman legend states that if a gladiolus bulbs hang on the chest as an amulet, they will not only help to win the fight, but also will protect from destruction.
The Romans considered gladiolus flower gladiators. According to legend, a cruel Roman general captured Thracian soldiers and ordered to turn them into gladiators, and the most beautiful, brave, smart and loyal friends and Sevt Teresa commander ordered the first fight with each other, promising that the winner will get his daughter's hand, and will be released to freedom. Look at this show came together many curious townspeople.
However, they did not see the desired when they blew the martial pipe, calling the brave soldiers in battle, and teres Sevt swords stuck in the ground and rushed to each other with open arms. The crowd roared angrily. Pipes sounded again, demanding the fight, and when the men again failed to meet the expectations of bloodthirsty Romans, they were put to death. But as soon as the body touched the ground defeated, the handles of their swords rose flowering gladioli, which to this day are considered to be a symbol of friendship, loyalty, memory, and nobility.
In the days of Theophrastus, the author of numerous works on plants, bulbs Gladiolus baked in pastry and eaten. In milled corms added onions and baked cakes. And Pliny the Elder wrote that in his time the roots of gladioli found use in medicine.
In Europe, the medieval mercenaries, as in ancient Rome, gladioli corms worn on the chest as amulets, as was common belief that they have mysterious powers that make a person invincible and protect from injury. It was believed that the magic power of corms enclosed in mesh "armor" - venation coverts dead leaves.
In the XVII - XVIII centuries. recognition gladiolus miraculous talisman replaced recognition of his native medicinal properties. For example, some types of gladiolus used as lactiferous products for women, the other - from a toothache.
Many poetic legends and stories piled about everyone's favorite plant. "Prince Gladius", slim, in his formal attire, from August posture, long captivated florist Russia. Currently gladiolus among the five most common srezochnyh flower crops in the world.