Lemon - undersized evergreen tree with small sparse spines on the shoots. Indoor Lemons, like other citrus fruits, are very popular for decorative edible fruit, fragrant white flowers and dense shiny dark green leaves, saturating the room air aromas of essential oils and volatile production.
It's especially pleasing to admire the house bright as the sun, the fruits of lemon trees, when the window cold winter. Vitamin-rich juicy pulp ellipsoidal yellow fruit with a small amount of seeds - a nice, without bitterness. Lemons can easily tolerate the warm dry air of dwellings, most varieties do not suffer from low humidity and low light.
The house grow well and quickly begin to bear fruit adapted to room conditions special varieties of lemons: old varieties tested "Meyer", "Pavlovsk", "Novogruzinsky", "Kursk", "Maikop", "Lisbon", "Genoa", "Ponderosa" "Villa Franca" and new cultivars.
Indoor lemons differ:
- Compact, well-foliated crown;
- Abundant flowering, everbearing, good fruit setting;
- Early fruiting, maturity and not very pleasant taste sour Little Lemons having a smooth or bumpy surface, thin or thick rind (average fruit weight 100-150 grams, but with decreasing amounts of fruit can reach 500 g ("Pavlovsk") and even 1 kg ("Ponderosa");
- Good rooting green cuttings.
Lemons, which are grown on windowsills southern windows on hot sunny days should be protected from sunburn and overheating roots - Slide your window sill with a pot of lemon sapling deeper into the room. Unlike other citrus fruits, lemons, some varieties do not tolerate direct sunlight. Care sapling lemon similar to the techniques of cultivation of other citrus fruits.
Lemons grown from seed, begin to bear fruit after 8-12 years. If seedlings instill shoots with fruit-bearing samples, grafted lemons can bloom for 2-3 years after vaccination (different kinds of citrus well grafted on one another: rootstock are derived from the seeds of the plant, and the scion - citrus cultivars).
The active growth of grafted plants fruiting period may move away, then bloom stimulated with pruning. Some varieties of lemon, green propagated from cuttings, early start to bloom at the expense of growth (even in the stage of rooted cuttings, which is undesirable) - Early flowers are the best break off. For grafting lemons with a healthy fruiting trees take good bendable semilignified shoots in spring - autumn growth in the summer - spring.
In the adult, well-developed plants do not need to regulate flowering, the number of self-regulated ovaries lemon tree in accordance with its capabilities (extra flowers fall). Experience shows that a stable fruiting lemon happens when one ovary accounts for 10-15 leaves. With proper care lemons bloom in the house a few times a year from February to October. During flowering the optimal temperature in the room to 20 degrees, the time from the start of flowering to fruit ripening is 8-12 months.
Most fruit-bearing branch on which ripened fruit, long delayed in growth, so the fruit is better not to cut in its attachment, and taking a shoot with 1-2 internodes. This technique allows you to speed up the growth of branches and at the same time improve the shape of the crown. Some growers to stimulate flowering branches pull a wire or bend them - it's not necessarily. After all, the young seedling to encourage early and mature trees with proper care itself come into fruiting without any stimulation.
In winter, do not be afraid of hypothermia earthen clod of citrus on the windowsill - reduce watering and water the plants only when necessary to avoid root rot and death of trees. Strictly defined to take care of potted citrus can be given: each apartment and house have its own microclimate, which used to be a plant.