Citrus divorced people since ancient times. Theophrastus described oranges for 350 years BC, during the campaign of Alexander the Great in India, where the oranges were imported from China ("Apfel" - apple, "syn" - China). Gardeners of ancient Rome were placed on trees growing citrus fruit in containers of different shapes, thus giving the fruits of bizarre shape.
French invented ingenious candied citrus fruit directly on the branches. In countries with cold winters for the cultivation of citrus fruits began to build a special greenhouse. In the XVII century in the Russian boyars citrus grown in their palaces, and even the peasants in their huts. Tradition to grow citrus in the house for admiring evergreen leaves and fragrant flowers, to purify the air, and for a bright medicinal fruits preserved today.
Some growers who hope to quickly get their citrus bountiful harvest of high-quality fruit, according to the cultivation of citrus seed waste of time: from their perspective, it is very long wait for the result and do not know how it will be. Therefore, they prefer to buy grafted plants or rooted varietal stalk (special room early appearance of fruit varieties of citrus), as early as possible to get them off.
However, many fans of indoor gardening grow citrus available seeds (the "fruit sÑ‘l and spit out the bones in a flower pot with a substrate sprinkled the ground"), thus realizing their need to experiment and agreeing to wait for the fruits of many years.
With good care of the seeds of citrus fruit grow strong, healthy plants, "childhood" accustomed to room conditions, but most of them for a long time does not come into fruiting. Regular formation of citrus trees from the resulting seedlings can significantly accelerate its flowering and at the same time to "build" a beautiful crown. Seedling grafting is a proven and fully preserve from a subsidiary plant varietal characteristics and significantly accelerate fruiting citrus trees.
It is also believed that citrus fastidious species (eg, kumquat), poor developing "at its roots," become after vaccination less capricious and more durable. If desired, you can certainly spend derived from seeds inoculated seedlings, if you can get varietal cuttings raznooobraznyh citrus fruits (in the botanical garden, other growers), but still allows you to wait on the seedlings and the "native" of the fruit.
There may be interesting surprises: for example, sowing good seeds germinating Minneola - one of the varieties of citrus tangelo (a cross between mandarin and grapefruit the size of a small orange elongated pear-shaped with a bright red-orange peel) can be obtained seedlings, some of which will be closer to Mandarin, and part - to grapefruit. Thus, from the resulting seedlings Minneola can "bring your grades" the fruit of each seedling will have a unique taste.
Indoor tsitrusovodstvo - fascinating but troublesome task, but the flowers are fragrant and elegant fragrant fruit of the beautiful tree are worthy reward for mnooletny work.
Citrus seeds extracted from the fruit should be washed with water, a little dry (no more than a few hours) and immediately sown in a pot with a capacity of at least 2 liters (young plants are afraid of transplant). Overdrying seeds sharply reduces their germination and can cause cracking; if necessary, the seeds can be stored for two months in a refrigerator at 5 Â° C by placing them in moist sand.
Container for planting the seeds of citrus plants, which have to be one, and preferably several drainage holes, filled with a thick layer of drainage and light fertile substrate.
You can purchase seeds for planting a special substrate for citrus, but you can take an ordinary garden soil and add to it the river sand. Pot of crops are placed in "bag-teplichku" to create a favorable climate and contain at room temperature, periodically wetting the substrate as it dries.
The period of time between sowing and seedlings in different citrus may be different (from 3-4 weeks to 2 months); the growth rate of seedlings is also different (eg, tangerines grow much slower than other citrus fruits). Often from one seed of citrus seedlings appears several of which left one is the strongest, and the remaining "extra" cut above the ground (pull out undesirable, not to damage the roots of the remaining plants).
Growing citrus, it should be remembered that different plant species have different needs in the light and heat, different whimsical, different timing and frequency of flowering. Different citrus relate differently to the composition of the soil. For example, tangerines less demanding on the substrate, and for pomelo (shaddock) soil should be neutral or slightly alkaline, so it can not add peat, but it is useful to add the salt (from the fruits acquire a special taste and aroma). Minneola loves a good fertilizer, nitrogen and calcium enriched soil. Lime has developed rapidly in rich, light, well-drained soils with the addition of lime.
It is important to avoid contact with chlorine salts in citrus substrate to which they are sensitive. Watering should be regular and sufficient; citrus excessive watering leads to the development of fungal diseases. Timely dressing allows to grow up healthy and beautiful trees, get abundant flowering and fruiting.
Planting the seeds of citrus, you need to explore the needs of the species and the characteristics of their farming techniques, as well as a lot of patience: the majority of citrus fruit unvaccinated appear soon. Different types of citrus fruits are beginning to bear fruit at different ages, most often grown from seedlings of trees bloom at the age of 8-12 years, but possibly earlier (5-7 years of age). For example, bright orange tangerines usually begin bearing fruit in 6-8 years old, golden-green pomelo - 7-10 years.
Sowing the seed of lime, it is hoped that in 3-4 years it will appear on the amazing emerald fruit. It must be borne in mind that the seedlings grown from seeds of citrus, often lose all or part of the signs of the parent plant varieties, however, there are exceptions. For example, lime, grown from seeds, always has the same properties.
Some citrus bloom only once a year; for example, mandarins usually bloom in the spring (the fruits ripen in winter). Many citrus with good care can bloom several times a year, so they can see both the flowers and fruits of different maturity.