Growing gladioli of children.
Experienced growers have long engaged in the cultivation of flowers, know that the best planting material for propagation of gladiolus are klubnepochki (kids). A novice fans gladioli who unknowingly often just dump the kids, wonder - why?
The fact that the corms gladioli can be used to produce a color within 3-4 years. Then there is their aging, which ends with the complete degeneration, and planted the old corms may simply not germinate. Therefore, planting material of gladiolus must be constantly updated to remove the old corms and replacing them with young grown from children.
In addition, young plant material grown from children, is the most adapted to the composition of soils and microclimate is your garden. Plants grown from children gladioli are more resistant to disease and adapt well to new situations. The result is a rejuvenated and healthy planting material.
For gardeners, the first time beginners cultivating gladioli, describe in detail the klubnepochkah (baby). Baby (2) are formed at the end of the growing season at the bottom of the replacement corms (1) and are the organs of vegetative propagation of gladiolus.
Babe or klubnepochka gladiolus - a small semblance of tubers; Babes of the developing plant, around the parent repeats. Dense and dry shell, which is covered Babes gladioli, protects them from external influences in a long period of dormancy.
Dimensions klubnepochek gladioli can be from 1 to 20 mm. Usually, one plant produces 20-30 children. But there are varieties of gladioli corms which provide up to 200 klubnepochek. Number of children depends on the varietal characteristics of gladiolus, on the length of the growing season, the age of the tubers, the depth of its landing on farming practices and nutrition during growth.
For breeding gladioli better to choose large kids because of them you can get a flowering plant in the first year, and varietal characteristics in such gladioli appear better. Of small children are developing plants that bloom later in the year.
Babes gladioli cleared in about 10-15 days before planting. Preference is given klubnepochkam diameter of 6 to 8 mm. But it is important to take into account an important observation, allowed to grow higher quality planting material of kids: noticed that kids from 5 mm in diameter with three tubercles grows more powerful plant than from a larger (7 mm), but with one root tubercle.
Therefore, we select for planting those kids who have formed a few root tubercles, even if they are a little smaller. Preventing disease peeled kids before planting gladioli can be treated in a solution of potassium permanganate (5 g per 10 liters of water at a temperature of 35-40 degrees), previously spread out in their gauze bags Variety.
Planting children spend at a soil temperature at a depth of 9-10 cm of about 10 degrees, in a well-prepared beds. Klubnepochki gladioli can be sown shallow (1-2 cm), whereas seedlings appear earlier. But small children should not be allowed planting soil dries, otherwise the seedlings may not appear at all. This option is best if you can at any time check the condition of crops.
Deeper planting of children (4-7) cm gives them a constant moisture, but also slower, but guaranteed germination. Depth of planting gladioli children also depends on the size of the children, and the structure of the soil. It is natural that in heavy clay soils, planting depth children should be significantly less than in the light of structural soils. Big kids planted deeper than small ones.
Usually kids gladioli planted at a depth of 3-5 cm with the distance between the children of 5-7 cm and 15-20 cm between rows. Okay zamulchirovat landing humus layer of 1-2 cm.
Frequency planting gladioli children per 1 sq.m. may also be different, as it depends on the ambient brightness and microclimate of the site. Determine the frequency of landing kids just for your area can be experienced by a single season. Divide the planting material (kids) into several pieces and drop them off at different times. The result obtained in the autumn, will tell you the best option frequency planting kids.
Pre-emergence ridge with upset babies gladioli can be concealed plastic wrap, lay it directly on the ground. This technique provides a fast and friendly shoots. On average, children gladiolus shoots appear 15-20 days after planting; a film-shelter - before.
After emergence hold much water and the first hoeing rows. You can pick up a second zamulchirovat humus another 2-3 cm, which reduces excessive evaporation of moisture and prevents weed growth. Feeding start to do about a month after the emergence of children gladioli. Total for the season spend 6 feedings at intervals of not less than 10 days between the dressings:
The first and second - 10-15 g of urea per 10 liters of water per 1 square meter; The third and fourth - infusions of organic fertilizer, diluted in a ratio of 1:10 (1 liter infusion of 10 liters of water). Good use of the solution of so-called "green manure"; The fifth and sixth - complete mineral fertilizer (30-40 g per 10 liters of water per 1 sq.), It is best to trace elements.
With good agricultural background and care kids gladioli often emit floral arrows, but it is better to break out, preventing flowering. This must be done in order that the corms deposited more nutrients, they were larger and fully bloomed the next year.
Dig tubers grown from children, in the middle - end of September. Early, middle and secondary varieties of gladiolus with the right care for one season usually build up of children corms 2-3 of parsing, and some varieties with very large babies - and 1st indiscriminately.
Tubers grown from kids gladioli are rejuvenated and healthy planting material is well tolerated and winter storage for next season showed an excellent bloom!