Hibiscus in the garden and home.
Hibiscus with bright funnel-shaped flowers in a dense crown of leaves is very popular among gardeners for a long profuse flowering. Charming single flowers - simple, semi-double or double - can reach a diametre16 see. Exotic species give hibiscus flowers numerous strands of golden stamens, fused into a long tube, retractable away from the petals.
Hibiscus flowers are called "flower of love" and "flower of beautiful women" - they are a symbol of the island of Haiti, and in India, they weave in wedding wreaths.
Varieties of hibiscus.
Hibiscus (Hibiscus) - an extensive genus of the family Malvaceae, with about 300 species, distributed mainly in the tropical regions of South-East Asia. This grass, deciduous and evergreen shrubs or trees up to 3 m tall. Since the beginning of the XVIII century hibiscus became indispensable inhabitant of botanical gardens in Europe.
Now there are about 500 garden forms and varieties of hibiscus, differing in the degree terry, flower size and color: white, yellow, pink, salmon, orange, red, purple, violet. Delicate petals of hibiscus can be covered with strokes, framed by krayut border, or decorated with "eye" contrasting color.
Hibiscus - one of the best perennials for dlitelnotsvetuschih warm regions; it blooms profusely from June until frost in a sunny, sheltered from the cold wind site. To soil hibiscus undemanding, but it must be well drained. Hibiscus grows well even in an urban environment (smoke and gazoustoychiv).
In the culture of the most commonly grown:
- Syrian hibiscus (H. syriacus) from China and India - a deciduous tree (often growing bush) with bright green leaves and flowers of various colors, live up to 100 years. In culture, it is used to solitÑ‘rnyh and group plantings, creating hedges and alleys. Syrian hibiscus grows rather slowly, blossoms and fruits with three-four-year-old.
Growing up, the bushes are more winter-hardy and can withstand short-term drop in temperature to 22 degrees below zero. Syrian hibiscus grows well on moderately moist loamy soil (calcareous soil for it is undesirable), can easily tolerate transplanting and pruning (does not require hard pruning - spring removed superfluous old branches and shorten too long). Propagated Syrian hibiscus cuttings, layering, grafting, seeds (fruit - polyspermous box).
- Hybrid Hibiscus (H. hybridus) obtained by crossing the three North American species of hibiscus. Hybrid hibiscus - thermophilic and moisture-loving herbaceous perennials with very large flowers that are used to create large arrays of floral and borders, landing on the shores of reservoirs in warm regions.
In the autumn of hybrid hibiscus spud and shelter; after uncovering spring stalks low cut. Emerging shoots thinned out, leaving the most powerful by removing the top of them for a good tillering. For their active growth and profuse flowering in the soil making mineral and organic fertilizers. Propagated by dividing the hybrid hibiscus bushes and vaccination (spring with swelling of the kidneys), green cuttings (spring and early summer).
- Chinese hibiscus (H. rosa-sinensis) growing in East Asia and the Pacific Islands; has long been traditionally cultivated in the culture room. Chinese hibiscus is popularly called "Rose of China", and plants with double flowers - "Rose" or "rozanel."
Large evergreen, glossy leaves of hibiscus Chinese are not only dark green, but variegated (with pink and white stains). Hibiscus is valued for its beauty, simplicity, rapid growth: the bush over the years became a big, sprawling with lush foliage and a nice way to design spacious halls, foyers, conservatories and offices.
Care Chinese hibiscus.
Hibiscus love the bright, sunny and warm location; in the summer it is useful to put in a garden, a balcony or terrace, gradually accustomed to the sun. Hibiscus shadow-but with a lack of light and a little worse than developing flowers. On a bright place in March at the hibiscus flower buds begin to appear the first and successive flowers decorate the crown of leaves until late autumn. Summer hibiscus abundantly watered after drying topsoil, regularly fed, sprayed with water every day.
Periodically hibiscus suit "shower" sweep the dust from the leaves and protecting against pests. Sometimes recommended to loosen the top layer of soil, about an hour after watering. In winter, watering hibiscus cut ("excess" water after watering once removed from the pan) and keep it in the cool - the temperature of 15 degrees facilitates drilling of flower buds. When the heater is sprayed with hibiscus leaves and the air around it to maintain high humidity.
Top dressing fertilizer and Chinese hibiscus.
Hibiscus fed complete mineral fertilizer, alternating it with liquid mullein (1 part tincture to 10 parts water). Fertilizing hibiscus held from spring to mid-August, once a week; in the rest of the year - 1 time per month, only phosphorus and potassium in the half dose.
Transplanting the Chinese hibiscus.
In the spring the young plants should be repotted every year in a slightly larger pot; before transplanting branches pruned hibiscus (long - by two-thirds, short - less) for the formation of a large number of lateral flowering shoots and the formation of a beautiful bush or stam scrubby trees. Obtained by pruning cuttings can take root.
Transplant hibiscus prepared nutrient substrate: humus, sod, peat soil, sand in a ratio of (1: 2: 1: 1) with the addition of charcoal. Adults rarely transplanted hibiscus, only when necessary, but every spring it is desirable to remove the top layer of soil and replace it with fresh soil.
Reproduction of Chinese hibiscus.
Propagated by the Chinese rose and green semilignified cuttings throughout the year, but the best time for reproduction - February, March and August. Cuttings - shoots with 2-3 internodes - easily rooted in a mixture of peat and sand or in the water, especially in the mini-teplichke; bloom in a year.
The effects of errors in nursing.
Errors in the care of hibiscus and dry air provoke the emergence of diseases and pests (aphids, whiteflies, voylochnikov, spider mites). Under adverse conditions and a sharp change in the conditions of hibiscus can completely lose not only the buds, but yellowing leaves, taking depressing "naked" form, but soon it will be new to the leaves.