Hydrangea garden, care and breeding.
Gorteziya or gidrangeya (literally translated from Latin as "a vessel of water") to create the necessary conditions - partial shade or bright location, well-drained fertile soil, abundant watering and protection from frost - generously rewards for its beautiful flowers.
Hydrangea bushes look great in the garden and in groups, and in soliternyh plantings. By purposeful formative pruning rooted cuttings for four seasons can be grown stam tree hydrangea.
Hortense severely affected by drought; most types of hydrangeas, loving penumbra, slow down its growth in the sun, their inflorescences shrinking. Hydrangea not tolerate trampling - to improve aeration of the roots is recommended for at least 3 times a season to loosen the soil surface around the bushes to a depth of 5 cm.
Planting bushes early spring or autumn; in cold regions, and obtained from cuttings, hydrangeas better to plant in the spring. In the planting hole need to add peat to the soil to make mineral and organic fertilizers. Before planting slightly shortened roots, and when spring planting shorten and annual shoots, leaving 3-4 pairs on each kidney. Shrub planted abundantly watered and mulch the soil around it with peat or rotted leaves.
Regular fertilizing with liquid manure and fertilizers in combination with abundant irrigation contributes to the development of large leaves and flowers, but excessive fertilization very heavy buds can break branches hydrangeas. In adults, the bushes trimmed blossoms fall. Young bushes inflorescences, and weak and podmÑ‘rzshie shoots better to cut the spring to wake the kidneys, not fall. Spring and annual shoots are pruned to 3-4 kidneys - it contributes to a better wintering and splendor of the bush.
Aging hydrangea bushes rejuvenate pruning "on the stump" or long-term timber; they will bloom in the first year after pruning, since hydrangea flowers are laid and develop in the year of flowering. Hydrangeas are propagated by seeds, cuttings, suckers, division of the bushes and garden forms - cuttings and grafting.
Spring sowing small seeds produced hydrangeas in a cold frame or in boxes under glass without conductor ground. For their irrigation is better to use a sprayer to avoid flushing seeds. Swordplay seedlings produced in the greenhouse, the seedlings are transplanted into the soil to razvodochnuyu flower bed next spring.
Green cuttings for propagation hydrangeas harvested in July, using thickening crown not thick elastic twigs. Cuttings are cut as usual (top cut straight, lower oblique) with 2 internodes, leaves half shortened. Cuttings are planted in fertile substrate with a top layer of coarse sand in pots in a greenhouse or under film.
Rooted cuttings planted in a flower bed razvodochnuyu in August, or leave the winter in pots in the basement periodically moisten the earth, and in the spring planted in the ground in a flower bed razvodochnuyu. In the greenhouse or on a bed of razvodochnoy desirable to sustain the young plants for 2 years, they are constantly pritenit and moistening the soil.
Flowers appearing on rooted cuttings need to break off. In the first year after planting in the ground, young plants are good shelter for the winter. Cuttings garden hydrangeas form grafted onto the roots of the main species, growing much faster than rooting green cuttings.