Ylang ylang, sadness with the scent of love.
In the creation of the world-famous perfume "Chanel â„–5" involved two men and one plant. The inventors of these spirits became Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel and Ernest Beaux (Beaux), born in 1881 in Moscow - the son of a perfume company Rallet which supplied perfumes imperial court (and later - its director).
By the way, after the revolution of 1917, when he departed safely Bo, his factory continued to exist, and in Soviet times was known as "Red Moscow". If 1917 was not - do not know where there was a "Red Moscow", and where "Chanel" ..
Ernest Gabriel ordered to make a "perfect scent for women." In 1921, Ernest Coco Chanel introduced two series of samples: with the number 1 through number 5 and rooms with 20th to 24th. She chose the 5th number consisting of aromas of rose, jasmine and ylang-ylang. On the question of the name of the future of perfume Coco said that the collection will go on sale the 5th day of the 5th month, and so the spirits and will be called - "Chanel No. 5".
Famous joke of Marilyn Monroe, tempered its journalists at the airport in Japan: "When I was in bed - for me there is nothing but Chanel â„–5" - has created the brand spirits more popularity around the world.
Ylang Ylang (Latin name Cananga odorata) - evergreen tropical tree family annonovyh (Annonaceae). Originally Ylang Ylang from Indonesia, widespread tree on Filippinax and Polynesian islands. Wood Ylang Ylang large (up to 30 meters high), with "weeping" branches, and fragrant flowers.
Flowers have long, narrow, graceful drooping petals down to 5 cm long and resemble elegant decoration suspension for fine evening dress. The smell of flowers Ylang Ylang felt at a distance of 30-40 meters, and with a light wind blows - much further. Even beyond the period of flowering tree Ylang Ylang is very beautiful, its flowing branches afar bit like branch spruce leaves are large, dark green and located on a branch in pairs (which creates the illusion of "fir paws").
Ylang Ylang grown from seed; seedlings bloom already 3-4 years. Cam same flower ripens about three weeks, changing its color from pale-green to yellow-green, lemon, and then - to the yellow-rich. Overripe dark yellow flowers with brown trim.
There is also a dwarf variety of Ylang Ylang - cultivar Frutikoza (Fruticosa), which is a small tree or shrub 1.5-2 meters high. This cultivar begins to bloom as early as "infantile" age (height of only 20-30 cm). The fragrance of flowers Frutikozy not so strong as that of the "big" ylang-ylang.
However, this dwarf acquired grand popularity among gardeners in northern latitudes, as it can easily be grown in a container in a home greenhouse. In this case, the flowers Frutikozy perhaps have a more elegant form: tips of the petals slightly twisted inward, like the tentacles of an exotic mollusk.
Ylang Ylang blooms almost all year round, its branches are often completely covered with flowers. Faded flowers are replaced by dark green, small, oval fruits, gathered in small bunches. As ripening fruits darken up to dark black. Unlike many other members of the family annonovyh fruit Ylang Ylang are not used for food. However, they are completely edible and have a tart pleasant aroma, reminiscent of pine or juniper.
Lament for the beloved.
In the language of Tagalog (one of the most common languages â€‹â€‹in the Philippines, the second-most common Asian language in the United States after the Chinese) "ylang-ylang," or rather, "alang-alang" means "flower of flowers vsex" (flower of flowers).
Philippine legend tells of a married couple who had everything in life, but had no children. Once in a dream had come to them gods, who promised to send them a daughter - provided, however, that the girl, when she grows up, will not have to touch the man. Girl named Ylang ("Flower"). She grew up a beauty, and it was not her release from suitors. But the parents had to lock her in the four walls, so as not to disturb the punishment of the gods. Once the evening parents were not home, and Ylang left in the garden to gather a bouquet of flowers.
Suddenly appeared before her, a young man who had long been in love with her and wanted to make her an offer. He grabbed her hand and said, "I love you, become my wife." And at the same moment the girl had disappeared, turning into a beautiful tree with a surprisingly fragrant flowers. "Ylang! Ylang ..! .." - Only had time to exclaim youth. So since then, and the name of this beautiful tree in memory of the magical beauty ischezovenii Ylang. A young man, according to belief, and still wanders through a magical garden and longs for his beloved, long-drawn calling her name through the mists of time ..
Pollinated flowers Ylang Ylang moths, so the most intense odor comes from the flowers from dusk till dawn. For the production of spirits Ylang Ylang flowers are collected in the early morning at sunrise - when their flavor is most intense.
Floral concentrate Ylang Ylang Perfume is obtained by distillation. Those who have read the novel "Perfume" of Patrick Suskind, should be theoretically grounded in the technology of extraction of odors. Preparation of distillate lasts 14 hours and starts early in the morning with a collection of colors that already purchased a yellow coloring. In copper closed vessel 100 kg of flowers Ylang Ylang poured 50 liters of water.
As a result of distillation would be about 1-2 liters of oil with the most intense odor, which is called "Ylang Ylang Extra." After collecting the oil-extra distillation process is repeated, and this time it turns out weaker oil ("Ylang Ylang Oil") of various grades of concentration of flavor: 1, 2, 3 Finally, the last distillation gives oil "Kananga Oil", which is used for the production of scented soap.
Sometimes, instead of distillation Ylang Ylang flowers are dried and used for the preparation of aromatic soaps, candles, etc. We put flower Ylang Ylang on the front panel of salon cars - heated in the sun, it emits a scent for a few days, which is better than any flavorings and auto-deodorants.
A bit of economics.
With drevnix times girls on Filippinax decorate themselves with flowers of ylang-ylang, of kotoryx, along with flowers sampagity (Jasmine sambac Maid of Orleans) made garlands (type gavayskix Lei), which are sold for 5 pesos ($ 1 = 55 peso). Kilogram colors Ylang Ylang costs about 20-50 pesos (a little less than a dollar). Kilogram of colors you can get about 10-20 ml of oil high quality facilities. Liter of oil Ylang Ylang on Filippinax, depending on the quality, cost from 7,500 to 10,000 pesos ($ 150-200).
Online 10ml Ylang Ylang is worth about $ 10-20, depending on the species. Now you already know what are the gradation of oil, although the second type of oil Ylang Ylang slightly "xuzhe" first - it will just take longer to get zapaxa the same intensity. Total, "during the journey" from the Philippines to the Internet, ylang-ylang oil has managed to "grow up in price" 10-20 times - enough neploxaya profits to think about opening their own plantations of Ylang Ylang! If you have decided, then you should move either to the Philippines or in the Comoros.
Prior to the First World War, the Philippines was the center of production of ylang-ylang oil. German pharmacist F. Steck (F. Steck), owner of the first pharmacies to Filippinax "Botica Boye", first received high-quality oil Ylang Ylang in the second half of the XIX century. First on Filippinax pharmacy was located on the street Eskolta (Escolta) in Manila - and it was one of samix bogatyx torgovyx streets (sort of Tver or 5th Avenue in New York City).
It is not surprising that the oil Ylang Ylang gained popularity in high society, first the Philippines, and then Europe and America. Prior to the First World War the Philippines held a monopoly on the production of oil, but after the war, Germany was not before, and France "suffered" growing trees on the Comoros.
Most likely, Coco Chanel got oil Ylang Ylang with Komorskix islands as a 20-x godax growing trees Ylang Ylang on Filippinax fell into disrepair. In better times, Comoros with 1.2 million trees Ylang Ylang gave 90% of the total oil in the world. In 60-70x godax XX century this production is also somewhat faded due to the spread sinteticheskix zapaxov.
The heyday of aromatherapy has led to the revival of commercial use Ylang Ylang on Filippinax. In the provinces of Pampanga and Tarlac (Pampanga, Tarlac) on tysyachax hectares grows 20-30 thousand trees Ylang Ylang. This, of course, not 1.2 million, but imagine how it all paxnet - sell duxi there difficult: who in the district needed "Chanel No. 5"?
And the passion of fire arms ...
On Filippinax Ylang Ylang flowers are considered to ward off evil duxov and in Indonesia - an aphrodisiac, so they are scattered on the bed novobrachnyx. Ylang Ylang instructed to use women garemax to increase the attractiveness.
In China, clothing tex who could afford it, sprayed with oil Ylang Ylang before it laid on Video surveillance supplies in chests (then zapax winter coat, extracted from the trunk, was certainly much nicer zapaxa naphthalene ...). In addition to the perfume, flowers, Ylang Ylang has long had and medical applications. On Filippinax flowers are crushed, and of nix prepared paste rubbed into the skin at ukusax of insect and snake.
Ylang Ylang oil is used for uxoda for skin and hair. Since ancient times it was believed that it improves hair growth. In England, during the second half of the XIX century, Ylang Ylang was one of the components of the oil "hair growing." Ylang Ylang helped or not, we do not know, but in any case, bald paxla very nice ..
In fashion now aromatherapy oil Ylang Ylang (usually 3rd levels) is used to relieve stress, worries, treatment taxikardii and high blood pressure. It is believed that zapax Ylang Ylang soothes absolutely vsex including agressivnyx dogs - so if you live in a warm country and your neighbor keeps feisty dog, there is a reason to plant trees Ylang Ylang along the fence :)
In addition to "Chanel No. 5", ylang-ylang oil is used in drugix duxax - "Acqua di Gio" by Giorgio Armani ("Acqua di Gio" of Giorgio Armani), "Puazon" Christian Dior ("Poison" of Christian Dior) and " Champs Elysees "(" Champs ElysÃ©es ") Gyurleyn (" Champ Elysee "of Guerlain).
Aromatherapy recipes using oil Ylang Ylang:
Add 1-2 drops of oil in the bath. Another option for the sedative effect - 3 drops of lavender oil, 2 drops of ylang-ylang oil, 2 drops of grapefruit oil. Add to massage oil (without zapaxa) 1-2 drops of ylang-ylang oil. More sophisticated recipe recommends the use of an additional 5 drops of sandalwood oil, 4 drops of rose oil and a drop of patchouli oil.
Make a fragrant massage your partner - and stormy night you are guaranteed!
Create a mixture of 8 drops of ylang-ylang oil, 8 drops of lemon oil, 8 drops of basil oil. Add a few drops of this mixture in aromatherapy spray - this recipe is good at helping with fatigue, stress and everything else like that ...
Take 5 ml of alcohol (preferably your own cleaning), mixed with distilled water to give a concentration of 50% (probably you can use vodka if pure alcohol no longer exists :). Add 12 drops of patchouli oil, 3 drops of geranium oil, 2 drops of Ylang Ylang, few leaves (or bark) cinnamon - and you have the perfect cologne.
Potpourri - in a glass container with hermetic lid mix: a little oil Ylang Ylang (or colors), slightly sushÑ‘nyx mandarinovyx / apelsinovyx / limonnyx peels, leaves or bark of the cinnamon tree, mug laurel leaves and allspice (allspice). Keep container with the contents closed for trÑ‘x-chetyrÑ‘x weeks periodically vstryaxivaya it. Thereafter, the resulting mixture can be used for flavoring laundry.
You can come up with your own recipes and using oil or ylang-ylang. Experiment and awaken passion!