Several centuries ago belotsvetkovy iris, brought from Arabia, spread throughout the world. In medieval Italy macranthon Florentine iris, cultivated for the aromatic rhizome, considered decorative and economically valuable plant. He emblazoned on the arms of the ancient "City of Flowers" - Florence.
Currently iris has commercial value as it is grown Essential Oils. Iris rhizome, called "orris" - a component of many ancient potions - is used in the perfume and food industries as a valuable aromatic and spicy raw materials.
Peeled and sun-dried rhizome has a delicate flavor and serve as a basis for obtaining iris oil, which has much more pink. Pleasant smell when drying of iris rhizomes also emit a pale lilac and many old varieties of iris hybrid.
Modern flora includes about 300 species of iris, but the most popular among gardeners are bearded irises, created about 35,000 varieties. In ornamental horticulture also grown melkotsvetnye Siberian and Japanese irises.
Do bearded irises on the lower petals is "beard" - a strip of delicate villi, often contrasting with the color of the flower. Flower "double decker" six petals arranged in two tiers: the three dome rises to the top, and three gently lower a little way down. The color and richness of colors irises compete with rainbow, besides they also combine colors. A fragrance !.
Avid irises I.F.Stepanova said: "Iris is inexhaustible. Each new variety presents a surprise - something unheard group, the weightless or heavy folding petals, often decorated with an intricate pattern or border. This plant, as it combined in itself the different kinds of art. Plastic line lobe, aspiring upwards internal and external pull-down or floating, sculptural flower attached.
And how nature solves its coloristic! Only under the force of her wild imagination, which boldly combined contrasting colors or mix gently light watercolor shades. Finally, the finest graphic lines, dotted lines, dashes, dots. Iris flower organically completes a clear formulation of the direct strong stems with pointed buds and leaves of the fan strict xiphoid (the symbol of suffering mother's heart God). "
Height peduncle distinguish undersized sredneroslye and tall irises - from 25 to 130 cm. Diameter of the flower - from 5 to 20cm.
If you first want to plant irises, choose proven varieties in your area. The best time for planting in July - August. Irises are actively growing and bloom profusely in the open dry or lightly shaded Well irises are feeling under the apple trees, not competing with the roots. Collection of irises on a ridge looks more disadvantageous than in free landscape compositions.
Irises bloom longer if: rhizome has outgrown and displace each other; soil is exhausted; in the previous year were adverse weather conditions; winter were frozen flower buds; Plants damaged by pests and diseases; during budding was dry and hot weather, and the plants are not watered.