Planting bearded irises.
Hardiness of different varieties of bearded irises are different, so is safer to grow well-wintering in the region of the variety. Bearded irises are propagated vegetatively by division of rhizomes 3-5 year old plants.
Bearded irises are planted in the summer - from the middle of August and the beginning of autumn, the plants have time to take root before the cold weather, but you can plant irises in spring. August-September's division of rhizomes iris gives a large percentage of the plants to bloom in the first year after planting. Transplant irises in his garden "from land to land" can be started 2 weeks after flowering and perform at a convenient time.
At one point, without prejudice to the bearded iris decoration usually grown no more than 5 years, then dig fork bushes and cut into planting delÑ‘nki. DelÑ‘nka is a part of a healthy rhizomes with roots, this is usually a one-year link with a shovel from the leaves, but for the breeding of varieties can be used, and a small section of the rhizome from dormant buds.
Piece of iris rhizomes weighing only half a gram to one dormant buds capable under favorable conditions to give life to a new plant that will bloom in the second year of vegetation! Remaining after cutting delÑ‘nok iris rhizomes without leaves and roots trimmed, removing damaged parts, powdered with slices pounded charcoal, dried and planted in separate seedbed for growing next season.
Rhizomes delÑ‘nok disinfected for 1-2 hours in a solution of potassium permanganate beet color, dried and heated in the sun 3-5 hours. Leaves and roots delÑ‘nki if their length is more than 10 cm, are pruned. Bearded irises prefer well-drained an easy, no stagnant water, the soil in the sun, but tolerates shade and a small (some growers successfully grow them under the apple trees with sparse foliage).
Too acidic soil before planting irises sprinkled wood ashes. With the risk of stagnation of melt water in the spring before planting to make irises slightly elevated above ground level flowerbed. Distance between plants when planting irises planting depends on the destination and the height of irises: dwarf irises usually planted in 15 cm, medium growth - 20 cm tall - 40 cm. Free landscape compositions irises planted in groups of several pieces, placing delÑ‘nki in a circle; the distance between the two groups is less than 1 m.
Collection of irises, some growers are grown on raised beds under the scheme 30x50 cm, turning the leaves of irises landing in one direction and steered the plane leaves across the ridges. Before planting, the soil should dig up the iris on the bayonet spade, make as fertilizer bucket of compost or well-rotted manure per 1 sq.m. (Do not use fresh manure to avoid rotting of rhizomes), make planting holes, but the bottom is sprinkled mound of earth.
Rhizome delÑ‘nki laid on the mound so that it acted after landing half above the ground, spread their roots on the sides of the mound and covered the ground well, carefully sealing her hands. Deepening the rhizomes in the soil can lead to loss of iris.
Iris rhizome can be locked from the fall and for rapid establishment Ends of wire or wooden rogatinkami. After planting irises land watered abundantly, after it dries in a few days re-watering is desired. Further care for planting irises is hand weeding (not to damage the roots of irises, which are located near the soil surface), shallow soil loosening. New planting irises need shelter from freezing late autumn: in hilling ground or falling asleep leaves, straw, pine needles, tops layer up to 10 cm; cover is removed in early spring.