Camassa still little known to the Russian florists. Most flowering plants, we appreciate for originality and beauty bloom, without hesitation, that in their homeland, they are valued by all other conditions. These plants include Camassa (Camassia). The name of this genus is taken from the local tribes of Indians who consume bulbs Camassa Fraser and Leyhtlina.
Habitat of these plants - mountain meadows in the temperate zone of North America. Camassa prefer open sunny places, clay soil, humidity in the spring and dry summer. Well tolerated Camassa severe frosts, are not damaged by pests. If the plants do not transplant a few years, they will only bloom luxuriantly. Camassa especially good in the rock garden, rock garden. Of the seven species of this genus in our collection for over twenty years grow well the following:
- Camassa kvamash (Camassia quamash) described in 1827. The area of â€‹â€‹its habitat - mountain meadows of western United States and Canada. Bulb globular, black, 2-3 cm in diameter. Blossoms Camassa kvamash early summer, within two weeks, in a flower brush 40 cm high dissolved thirty or more blue-violet flowers with a diameter of 3-4 cm. Wonderful variety of this kind of "Orion "created specifically for stony gardens and rock gardens: height 20 cm, flowers dark blue, methyl; their lush, smooth bloom creates a striking effect in the small garden.
- Camassa Leyhtlina (Camassia leichtlinii) described in 1837; named for the gardener from Germany M. Leyhtlina. The birthplace of this type - clay mountain meadows west America from Lake Vancouver to California. Bulbs ovoid, up to 3 cm in diameter. Blooms Camassa Leythlina June: in the brush height of 50 cm to sixty blue flowers with a diameter of 4 cm. Encountered blue, dark blue, violet, white forms of this species. Interesting for collections: Camassa Tserulea (Soerulea) with blue-violet flowers; Camassa Alba (Alba) with white flowers that have a greenish-yellow tint; Camassa Semiplena (Semiplena) with semi-double, creamy flowers.
- Camassa Fraser (Camassia fraseri) is named for the traveler D. Fraser. The area of â€‹â€‹its habitat - the mountainous slopes from Pennsylvania to Minnesota. Bulb globular, brown, with a diameter of 3-4 cm. Rare flower brush up to 30 cm carries up to twenty blue-violet flowers with a diameter of 4 cm. From forms known Camassa angusta (Camassia fraseri var.anqusta), lower, with graceful thin leaves.
- Camassa Cusick (Camassia cusickii) described in 1888 by S. Watson. It grows in the taiga zone, reaching a height of 1800 m above sea level on the western United States. Unusual for this kind of this kind of bulbs they broadly ovate, up to 8 cm in diameter and 4 cm. Inflorescences Camassa Cusick up to a meter, with 80 light-blue flowers with a diameter of 5 cm.
- Camassa Howell (Camassia howellii). The area of â€‹â€‹its habitat - wet meadows of Southern Oregon. Bulb globular, brown. Flower brush Camas Howell height of 50 cm, carries from 30 to 90 violet-blue flowers.
Camassa breed daughter bulbs or seeds. After flowering, the leaves turn yellow and dry Camassa. In late July-early August, we dig nests, separate the daughter bulbs, being careful not to damage the roots, and you can immediately put Camas to a new location. After digging, you can keep the bulbs before planting Camassa within one month in wooden boxes. To bulbs do not dry out, put them in slightly damp peat.
Reproduction Camassa seeds longer, but allows a larger amount of planting material. After flowering plants formed boll with 5-10 black seeds. Seeds Camas immediately sow to a depth of 2 cm; Pour planting, mulching. During normal maintenance of seedlings Camassa bloom for 4-5 year.