Lilies have been known to people for thousands of years BC and were grown as food, medicinal and ornamental plants. By geographic origin lilies are divided into European, Caucasian, Asian and North American. Many wild species due to the high decorative flowers were put in culture and formed the basis for the creation of about 4 thousand varieties.
Of ornamental plants lily occupy a leading position thanks to the beauty and variety of forms, aroma and rich flower color: white, cream, pink, purple, yellow, apricot, orange, red.
Petals most Asian lilies as freckles, speckles and charming cover spots. Various length and shape of the petals and are decorated with colorful bristle-like outgrowths. Elegant fragrant flowers - in the form of tubular, stellate, kubkovidnye, chalmovidnye, bell-shaped - single or collected in clusters (up to forty flowers!). Slender peduncle height varies from 30 to 180 centimeters! Stately lilies and good in the garden, and in the bouquet.
Undersized lilies adorn slides and containers, tall good on the background of shrubs and trees. Do lilies in a rich palette of colors is no blue color, so they look great next to the blue delphiniums, monkshood, bells. Beauty white - if porcelain - lilies emphasize scarlet salvia and avens.
Lilies look good next to the plants that have beautiful lace or broad leaves than themselves lily can not boast. For lilies in the garden to give land south or southwest exposure with a loose, well-drained, nutrient-rich deep-treated soil.
Propagated vegetatively only varietal lily: dividing the old plants, bulbils, babies, stem bulbils and sometimes green stem and leaf cuttings. Scales are propagated all lilies. On the stems of some species and varieties of Asian lilies and tubular formed air bulbs (bulbs). Plants grown from scales and bulbochek to bloom for 2-3 years.
Domestic varieties of lilies and hardy more stable than foreign. Breeder A. Otroshko said: "Every year, the list of varieties of roses in the collections of the Flower of our country increased by 150-300 names, but some falls, with most of it happens with foreign varieties. Most of them does not tolerate our climate, subject to fungal and viral diseases - foreign cultivars created for forcing under greenhouse conditions, in the open ground, they feel oppressed, and eventually die. "
It has long been known for the healing properties of lilies. Do not miss the blooming white lily (lily royal), collect the petals and use it to prepare the tincture: fill half rose bloomed flowers amber glass jars, fill them with wine with alcohol so as to cover the petals on 2 fingers, close the jar and store in a cool dark place for 6 weeks.
Pour off some of the liquid into a small jar of dark, dilute two-thirds of cold boiled water and use, do not forget to shake before use, to wipe the face with a cotton swab moistened - it cleans the skin. For muscular pain sore spots then polish undiluted tincture. If you prick or cut your finger and start the boil, remove from the tincture lily petal, apply to the wound, cover with parchment and bandage - the next day boil away.