Lily (stories and legends).
Wonderful white lily - the personification of innocence and purity. She attributed the divine origin of the ancient Greeks - in their words, she rose from the milk of the mother of the gods Juno. But much earlier Greek lily was known to the ancient Persians, which was called the capital of Susa, that is, the "City of roses." In his coat of arms as a symbol of the immaculate purity, adorned with several roses.
Glory blameless this flower used by the ancient Jews. According to their legends, lily growing in the Garden of Eden when Eve's temptation by the devil, but the temptation of a beautiful flower was as clean as was, and no evil dared to touch it.
Great Tyrian architect who built the temple of Solomon, gave a graceful shape lily Capitals temple and decorated images lily walls and ceiling, separating the Jews believed that this flower exacerbate prayer attitude. And Moses commanded images lilies decorate sedmisvechnik. There is also a legend that a yellow lily, which usually grows among the reeds, stood the cradle of Moses.
Lily meets and the Egyptians, and its image in the hieroglyphs indicates that the shortness of life, freedom and hope. Of this flower was prepared in the famous ancient aromatic oil - "suzinon." Important role played Lily and the Romans at the festival of Flora. Women during this holiday competed in running and wrestling, and the winners of the rain showered flowers. Cleaned lilies and a statue of the goddess Flora, and the whole amphitheater, the public, the arena box:
This flower is considered a symbol of hope for the Romans, and his image was placed on the coins of the Romans, even as people wait pleasant benefits of the reigning king. In a sign of the full abundance and pure life that they desire, with wreaths of roses and corn crowned the bride and groom.
Lily met in Germanic mythology, and the god of thunder - Thor - always depicted holding in his right hand lightning, and in the left - scepter surmounted by a lily. Its fragrant whisk considered in Germanic mythology and magic wand Oberon and dwelling elves. Each lily has its elf, who, along with her is born and dies. Corollas these colors are elves bells ringing which they collect their brethren to prayer.
Nowhere Lily had no such historical significance, as in France. It is said that the founder of the French monarchy Clovis, while still a pagan, I saw that it is losing the battle of Allemann Tolbake, and offered a prayer for the victory of the Christian God. And an angel appeared with a branch of lilies, saying that from now on he made the lily their weapons and bequeathed it to his descendants. Clovis was granted the victory in this battle, and he with all his Franks, their wives and their children baptized. Since then, the French lily - a symbol of royal power in the shadow of the church.
Although a symbol of royal power has always been a white lily, some argue that the lily bestowed angel Clovis was not white, and fiery red. On this red lily is also composed of a beautiful legend. It is said that she was red in the night before the cross of suffering Savior. Legend says that when the Savior, tormented by severe sadness, passed through the Garden of Gethsemane, the flowers bowed their heads before him.
One lily not bowed head, wishing that he thoroughly enjoyed her scent and beauty. And the Saviour really stopped for a moment - maybe even to admire the beauty of this flower - but when his anguished eyes fell on her, the lily, comparing his pride with his humility, ashamed and blush of shame spread over all its petals, left with her forever:
That is why, adds the legend, red lilies never stand with their heads, and the night is always close its petals. In the XII century elect a lily as their emblem and Louis VII, when it first appears white banner with three gold lilies, which subsequently becomes not only an emblem of royal power, but also the devotion to the Holy See.
Lily is also found in the coat of arms of St. Louis IX, but only together with the daisy, which he joined in memory of his beloved wife Margaret. Form lilies also betrayed the end of the scepter, and France itself was called the kingdom of lilies, and the French king - king lilies. The expression "etre assis sur des lys", ie, "to sit on the lilies", meant to have a high position, as lily flowers were decorated not only the walls of judgment, but all the seats of chairs.
Lily generally considered very honorable sign on the arms and met even on the coins. Louis XIV was released into circulation coins, worn even the names of gold and silver lilies. On one side of this coin was an image of the king, or decorated with lilies and topped with a crown on both ends of the cross, and on the other - the emblem of France, supported by two angels. Lily enjoyed a lot of love in general in France.
In aristocratic families were taken to the groom until the wedding the bride every morning sent a bouquet of flowers, which was bound to be at least a few white lilies. Enjoys the same love lily of the Spaniards and Italians. In these nations, it is considered to be mainly a flower of the Blessed Virgin.
In wreaths of lilies are young girls for the first time to St. Communion. In the Pyrenees there is a custom 24th of June, at St. John's Day, bring in huge bouquets of lilies church for the consecration. Then these lilies crosswise nailed above the door of each house, which from now on is considered to be under the protection of John the Baptist. These bouquets remain until next Midsummer. Germany is also a lot of fond lily. The finest lily bred here in the monastery gardens, and their incredible beauty spawned many legends connected with the life of the monks.
In Germany, with lily connected many legends associated with the afterlife. It serves as the Germans, like the tomb rose, evidence of that dedication, the posthumous revenge of the deceased. According to popular belief, it has never been put on the graves, and she grows on the grave of a suicide or a man who died a violent or even a horrible death.
If it grows on the grave of the deceased, it is a harbinger of revenge, and on the grave of a sinner - a sign of atonement. On the petals of roses, grown on the grave sinners, by the belief that there is always something written in golden words. Some Caucasian lilies are under the influence of rain to turn yellow or blush, and therefore Caucasian girls use them for divination. Electing lily bud after rain they open it, and if it is yellow inside, their favorite them wrong, and if the red - it means that he still loves.
One can not but recall the Siberian lily - Sarankov. If a white lily in mind strict, cold, indifferent, the wild lily is an exact opposite of her. The petals of its flowers just turned inside out. It seems wild lily is about ready to start dancing. The most rare and precious lily lily is considered the king, which is home to a narrow valley in the mountains of southwest China. Lily bulbs this at the beginning of the XX century were brought to England, where she began a triumphal procession through the gardens and parks of the world.