Buying, planting and care of the lilies.
Lilies for centuries beloved peoples of the world for the elegant, graceful flowers and pleasant fragrance. Lilies are used as food, medicinal and ornamental plants decorating the palaces and temples. About the lilies of a legend and song, images lilies are often encountered in a variety of works of art.
It has long been known for the healing properties of lilies. During flowering white lily (lily royal) Collect petals and use it for cooking therapeutic tinctures, also cleans the skin. Fill petals bloomed flowers half a can of dark glass, fill them with wine with alcohol so as to cover the petals on 2 fingers, close the jar and store in a dark cool place for 6 weeks.
Pour off some of the liquid into a small jar of dark, dilute two-thirds of cold boiled water and use, do not forget to shake before use, to wipe the face with a cotton swab moistened. For muscular pain then polish the sore spots of undiluted tincture of white lilies. If you prick or cut your finger, and start the boil, remove from the tincture lily petal, apply to the wound, cover with parchment and bandage - the next day boil away.
Active selection and hybridization of lilies in different countries have led to the creation of a huge number of hybrids and cultivars with high decorative qualities. A variety of lilies grouped into 9 groups according to the origin and biological features. The most unpretentious - Asiatic hybrids, RT-hybrids.
Acquisition of bulbs of lilies.
As for the imported bulbs of lilies to us, we would like to caution novice gardeners from amateur mistakes when buying planting material. First of all, be sure to find out which group is the favorite variety of lily. Depends on this feature agrotechnical cultivation (planting, care, conservation in the winter). If you're buying bulbs lilies can not be established that they belong to a particular group, such planting material is better not to buy.
If you bought varieties of lilies LA hybrids, Oriental hybrids, such lily recommended shelter for the winter spruce branches and leaves, film, or in regions with harsh winters they can vymerznut when wintering in the open field.
Also, when buying the Eastern Hybrids need to know the time of their bloom, as it they greatly distended. In our conditions, in the later grades of lily bulbs may not have time to stock up on nutrients for the winter, and the spring will die. Too late blooming lilies should not be buying.
Some of the most fragrant and showy lilies - Tubular - Hybrids grow well in our area for two indispensable conditions: they need shelter from the possible spring frosts and alkaline soil. Flower bud of these lilies is laid very early and easily damaged at temperatures below freezing. On acid soils the plants develop poorly. As another example of the need for taking into account the peculiarities of planting material will bring many of your favorite lily growers regalia.
Lily regalia, or snow-white has a different species and hybrids of lilies development cycle. Its bulbs are planted in August, and landing in any case not bury: the distance from the top of the bulb to the ground shall be not more than 3 cm. September of lily bulbs Regalia appears wintering rosette of leaves. Next spring from the middle of the outlet grows floriferous stem.
Flowering this kind of at the beginning of July, and after flowering, a period of relative calm - during this brief period of snow-white lilies can be transplanted. Lily Regalia need a good shelter for the winter. When buying new varieties of lilies should choose bulbs with intact Donets. After acquiring their processing desirable bulbs 10% karbofosom (5 mL / L) of the sucking pests.
Planting and transplanting bulbs of lilies.
If the bulbs purchased lilies in early spring, before planting then they are stored in the lower compartment of the refrigerator (at a temperature just above 0) in a plastic bag with holes filled with sphagnum peat moss or dry. As a rule, in such conditions of storage bulbs lilies do not form a large germ (5 cm). They can be planted in the film greenhouses, in pots or plastic bottles, protected from frost. In the open ground plants can be transplanted together with a lump of land only after the spring frosts. If the bulb is purchased in the spring is too large lilies sprout, then plant it should be at an angle.
The main planting lilies - early autumn. In the first ten days of August to start digging, dividing and transplanting four-and five-year-lilies. This is due to the weakening of their bloom due to the depletion of the soil and the lack of development in the area will multiply bulbs. Sometimes transplanted lily often - every 2-3 years. More frequent for farming lilies usually due to the fact that they suffer from pest - thrips, devouring bulb scales. In addition, in the case of a strong defeat lilies botrytis, the site of their landing desirable change.
Terms transplant lilies can be shifted to the middle-end of August or even September. Dates are determined, first of all, the state of the bulbs: After flowering bulbs lilies are severely depleted, lose weight, become loose; scales thinner, wither. After flowering lily until her transplant must pass 1-1.5 months for the bulb has gained momentum - became a large, dense, elastic. This process affects all factors: heat, the presence of moisture and food.
Under favorable conditions, in early August to begin June transplant lilies flowering period (mainly Asian hybrids). If at the time of fission plants are green, with no signs of disease before transplant lilies stems cut close to the soil surface, leaving a stump. If the stems of lilies withered away (indicating the presence of fungal diseases), then dug bulbs, carefully remove them from the dead stems.
After three-five years of cultivation without a transplant, most lilies forms extensive "nests" of bulbs of different ages and sizes. These "nests" after digging usually break, but sometimes they have to share. This should be done after cutting the stems with extreme caution.
Lily bulbs are dug garden fork, being careful not to damage the roots. Earth to shake them and carefully inspected. Since bulbs need to remove the scales and with a rusty brown spots. After digging up the bulbs are washed under a tap or two waters, and then kept them for 20 minutes in a solution of malathion (1 tbsp. Tablespoon per 10 liters of water).
If the bulbs are clean and roots, their only etched for 20-30 min in a 0.1% solution of potassium permanganate. Lily bulbs after washing and dressing dried in the shade, the roots are cut to 5 - 10 cm, and then planting.
Planted bulbs in advance prepared the ground, which in dry weather prior to planting is necessary to shed the desired depth. If the soil is very dry, you can spend watering bulbs into the planting furrow - thus saves time and energy; irrigation water will need much less.
All lilies for good growth requires loose, nutritious, permeable soil: light loam, sandy loam soil fertilized, cultivated and orchard land. On heavy, raw, uncultivated soils lilies bulbs rot due to moisture build-up between the scales, which may lead to their death.
These soils must first do more loose - making sand, perlite or other leavening agent. Use fresh manure in growing roses should not be. Excess organic fertilizer causes a strong increase in the vegetative parts to the detriment of healthy follicles; reduced winter hardiness, disease resistance; attenuated bloom.
Cooked onions lilies are planted immediately, without drying them, like tulips during storage as juicy bulb scales lilies do not have containment; besides, the bulbs are stored roots. If you need some time to store the bulbs, they are put in boxes or bags, shifting their wet peat, fresh pine sawdust or moss.
Planting depth of bulbs lilies depends on the type, size and texture of the soil. Typically, bulbs are planted at a depth three times larger than its diameter. The only exceptions are a few types of lilies.
On light sandy soils bulbs lilies planted deeper than heavy. Typically, undersized lily planted at a depth of 10-12 cm (large bulb) and 7.8 cm (minor); sredneroslye respectively 12-15 and 8-10 cm; tall - 15-20 and 10-12 cm (depth contains the stems bulbs).
The distance between the bulbs when planting lilies depends on the height and power plants. Large lilies are planted in 20-25 cm, low - at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other. Planting lilies, make a notch or hole 10 cm deeper than required for landing (as lilies are usually planted with roots). But some annuals lily may not have roots that can be associated with dry soil.
When planting bulbs at the bottom of the planting hole is poured a mound of washed river sand, are placed on it lily bulb, gently straighten the existing roots, and then the hole is filled with the plant earth.
Location lilies and care.
When choosing a place for planting roses, you need to consider the height of the plants, the size and shape of the flower, its color. High lily better to plant in the background in the flower garden or in separate groups, a few pieces of one kind. Low-growing varieties and species lilies with middle-sized flowers are good for alpine slide.
Lilies grow normally in the bright sun, but love and penumbra. Too strong sun lily without abundant, but rare watering are drying up; The resulting plants grow too low, stunted, will wither.
Sunlight throughout the day for roses is not required but is highly desirable in the first half. Particularly dangerous for large lilies morning drops of moisture on the leaves: they work as a lens. As a result, the leaves get a sunburn, which in wet weather then goes into a fungal disease gray mold (botrytis). Although the roots of the lilies reach a depth of two meters, in the dry season they need to be watered at the root. Lilies leaves when watering watering undesirable.
Planting lilies mulch to the soil moisture was maintained as long as possible. Soil around the roses better not loose, given that soil with planting lilies zamulchirovat. This warning is because the surface is not desirable to disturb the roots located nadlukovichnye lilies and kids on the stems, and you do not accidentally break the stalk itself.
Moderate soil moisture needed for roses throughout the season. The greatest demand for water occurs in the first half of the summer and after flowering lilies, when the bulbs begin to form and the accumulation of nutrients in the winter. Cutting off the flowers retain as much as possible of leaves on the stem. Removing leaves (third or more) leads to worse flowering or non-existent in the coming year.
It is generally accepted recommendations for plant bulbs and lilies care.
I tried to plant the bulbs of lilies for Glu-bean 15 - 20 cm (from the top of the bulb), that is recommended deeper depths. Then lily sprout later normal terms and are not covered by frost, which we happen even in the con-end of May-early June. Besides, in case of late cold snap shoots low easier to conceal than the already-grown high-Kie stems.
Almost all of the lily (except tubular) are descended from wild species that grow in the coniferous forests. Therefore, if possible, in the root zone or even in the soil when planting roses, it is desirable to make the coniferous litter. I, in spite of all the instructions, am submitting the zone roots lilies pine sawdust (5-10 cm layer). At the same time developing a great lily.
And store the bulbs of lilies (up to expulsion or to landing) is also in a slightly damp sawdust - no negative influence on the sawdust bulb I had not noticed. 3-5 years of sawdust in soil pereprevayut. That they are not strongly selected nitrogen from the soil, further am making nitrogen fertilizer. Earthworms convert sawdust into humus and neutralize their excessive acidity. The negative impact of sawdust on the ground can not be when there are lots of earthworms. For 30 years I have gradually made a gardening in the ground dozens of trucks sawdust. The main thing - to know the measure.
Sawdust or fine shavings I mulching planting lilies. That mice are not plagued lilies around their beds can be planted daffodils or crocus, snowdrop real. And certainly after snowfall need treads paths around planting lilies.
Winter shelter lilies.
After the autumn transplanting roses, not before heavy autumn rains, shelter for the winter onion leaves, spruce branches or peat, and on top of - the whole plastic wrap. This method is required for the Oriental hybrids (Oriental), since in its original form, these lilies grow where autumn and winter dry.
Asian hybrids LA hybrids and hybrids FROM not necessarily be protected from atmospheric moisture. But I always harbor lily all the same, that is sure to film. If the rains begin as early as September, the shelter planting lilies film, and leaves beneath the film is possible only after when the ground freezes from the top (so that the mouse could not get to the bulbs).
In the spring, you can leave a covering of peat (it will serve as mulch and fertilizer plants), while spruce branches and leaves should be removed from planting roses as soon as possible to prevent damage to the sprouts. In sheltered for the winter planting lilies soil for a long time does not freeze, so their roots continue to grow almost all winter. The roots of the lilies can grow at very low positive temperatures.
Spring before germination lilies, am submitting to the soil nitrogen fertilizers, such as ammonium se liter (1 tablespoon per 1 m 2). Or fed planting lilies organic and mineral fertilizers: sodium fermented mullein (in any case can not be used for fertilizing roses fresh mullein) in (1:10) solution or granules of NPK or ammonium nitrate (40-50 g per 10 liters of water or 1 m 2).
Good results are obtained by the introduction of wood ash (100 g / m 2). Ash can make several times per season. Because of this lily flowers are larger, more intensely colored and resistant to disease.
Once the sprouts seem lilies, it is recommended to shed soil Bordeaux liquid or composition "Lazurin": in 9 liters of water to dissolve 1 tbsp. L. pi Tevi soda, ammonia and copper sulfate, previously dissolved in 1 liter of warm water (blue vitriol poured the last trickle under continuous stirring NII).
When lily buds appear, repeat the fertilizer ammonium nitrate. Spend processing the vegetative parts of plants against pests and diseases as well as healthy shoots and leaves determine the full CEE tenie next year. In the third term time (in July, not later) under the lily clearly FNF triple superphosphate (1 tbsp. L. 10 liters of water) and Potassium-magnesium (1.5 st. L. 10 L).
Even if the lily badly affected by botrytis, still spend fertilizing plants. Meals need bulbs - in fact the roots of lilies prolodzhayut work and onion gaining nutrients, although worse than in the presence of leaves. Almost all lilies suitable neutral or slightly acidic soil is permeable loose. Every summer, 2-3 times I sprinkled ash beds with lilies - it serves and fertilizer, and at the same time kills pathogenic fungi.