Lilies are easily propagated by due to their biological characteristics, with this can be done in several ways.
For a large number of planting materials are most effective method of reproduction four lilies:
- Scales of bulbs;
- Pochkolu kovichkami (Potatoes), formed in the leaf axils;
These methods of breeding roses require no special equipment and can achieve a lot of planting material of high quality.
Reproduction lily bulb scales.
This method is suitable for almost all types and varieties of lilies, can be used all year round. But the most high yield planting material it gives the spring. If the bulbs of lilies enough, the fall breeding procedure scales Times at the time of digging up and transplanting bulbs.
To apply this method in the winter or early spring before thawing of soil, dig the bulbs of lilies in autumn, washed from the land, dried, and stored at 3-4 Â° C in the sand, moss or other substrate.
Procedure breeding dug lilies scales is as follows. From pre-washed normal bulbs light touch separated scales at the base of the bulb. Remove no more than two thirds of the number of all scales, and the rest is left on the bulb (while carefully respecting Machinery remaining bulb after planting in the ground will grow and develop in much the same way as a whole).
Patients or dry scales discarded and the remainder was washed with water and poured on 20-30 min a solution of potassium permanganate (0.3 g in 1 l water). Then scales dried to evaporate the water droplets mixed with moistened filler (eg, moss-sphagnum) and placed in a plastic bag.
Sphagnum maintains an optimum moisture content of the scales of roses and has antibacterial properties. But in this case, the use of conventional sphagnum moss, is not always convenient, since the mini-grow back bulblets roots strongly intertwined (untangle them will be possible only after if soak them for a while in the water).
Therefore, mainly for germination bulblets on lily scales are used as fillers only strongly crushed moss (as it can only be milled in the dry state). The filler may be pounded charcoal with the addition of a small amount of fungicide. Can be used for germination scales lilies fresh, slightly damp pine sawdust.
Packages with scales lilies and filler tie, attach the label and store in a dark place at room temperature. Content packages from time to time I look through; if appropriate filler and moisturize removed patients flakes.
After the formation of the scales at the base of young bulblets lilies diameter of about 0.5 cm (this occurs in about 4-6 weeks) carry bags for 3-4 weeks in the fridge for stratification at 3-4 Â°. Then on each scale separated young bulbs and planted them in boxes with the ground or in open ground (depending on time of year).
Significantly increase the rate of reproduction (over 50%) allows processing of separated scales lilies growth regulators, such as succinic acid (100 mg / l). Scales are placed in the solution for 6 hours at a temperature of 20-22 Â°. Processing scales succinic acid, moreover, helps to increase the size of the resulting young bulbs, which further accelerates the development of plants.
Early May - the best time for breeding lilies by separating scales of bulbs. In the spring, you can do it without digging out the bulbs from the garden, until the sprouts. Ground carefully shovel aside without disturbing the roots of plants, and is separated from the lily bulbs several scales. The base of the bulbs for disinfection shed 0.1% solution of potassium permanganate and sprinkled with clean sand, and then - the land that shovel.
Then you can use different methods for germination of bulbils lilies scales.
Scales, separated from the bulbs of lilies and used for breeding should be healthy, white, without spots. Thoroughly washed with, and then incubated for 20 min in 0.1% solution of potassium permanganate. Dried processed scales, mixed them with filler and put in a clean plastic bag, tie it up and placed in a dark place. Approximately one and a half months hold bags with scales at room temperature (+ 22-24 Â° C).
Then placed the bags for a month in a cool place where the temperature does not exceed + 17-18 Â° C. Then before landing necessarily keep them in the refrigerator (at a temperature of + 2-4 Â° C) or in the repository where you store vegetables by protecting the scales from rodents. By the time of travel bags in the refrigerator for scales lilies already formed quite large bulbs (several pieces on each scale) with the roots.
After cold storage lily bulbs formed is separated from the flakes and drop them in specially prepared ridge (approximately - after July 20) or crop boxes, which are then placed in a greenhouse or in a greenhouse.
In early May, with the scales lilies can do another thing. Broken off from the bulb scales were washed in a solution of potassium permanganate, then two thirds of the height of the crop planted in boxes filled with a nutrient mixture and sand. Cover with plastic wrap or top layer of moistened sphagnum moss-. Boxes with upset scales placed in a greenhouse or in a greenhouse.
2-4 months (depending on the type and grade of lilies) planted on scales formed bulbils-kids. After the onset of the green leaves are seated on the ridge or bulbs in a greenhouse for growing.
Babes lilies, derived from scales of bulbs in summer seedling box, separated from the parent scales at the stage where they have roots and a pair of leaves. These kids are planted in the fall garden ridge in a secure place. Prior to the onset of strong autumn cold Babes lilies should be well rooted. In winter, carefully sheltering their turf, leaves, other insulating fabrics (layer not less than 7 cm). On top of it is desirable to hide the polyethylene film. Under cover and snow cover rooted kids lilies successfully overwinter.
If sufficient time for rooting children in the open ground in the fall is left, then dropped into the garden for the winter the whole box with upset babies scales and lilies. In this case, be sure to insulate them carefully to protect the scales with the children from the winter freezing. Also kids lilies can be left to winter in boxes, putting boxes in a greenhouse and insulate the top frame (sawdust, leaves, spruce branches, film).
Propagation by stem roses pochkolukovichkami.
Bulbs, or pochkolukovichki formed in the axils of the leaves of some species and varieties of lilies (called bulbonosnymi). Most often found among the lilies bulbonosnye Asiatic hybrids, although there are in the group of tubular.
The number and size of formed on the stem lily bulb is affected by a number of factors: the varietal characteristics, age of the plant, agricultural machinery, the number of flowers, WHO environmental action. Young plants produce more pochkolukovichek than older ones. Proper agricultural machinery increases the size of the bulb and the increase in their number. Sufficient rainfall during the growing lilies also favors the formation of a bulb. And some varieties of lilies bulbs form only if the weather is wet for a long time.
Provoke pochkolukovichek some nebulbonosnyh varieties of lilies, as well as increase the size of the bulb and the number of varieties in bulbonosnyh can by removing buds (decapitation). The maximum effect is achieved if the buds are removed at the beginning of their formation. Later decapitation - phase colored bud or blooming - affects the formation of the bulb to a lesser extent (or no effect at all).
With proper farming techniques in the first half of August, lily bulb from the group Asiatic hybrids appear aerial roots and beginnings of leaves. I am preparing for planting lilies bulbochek boxes size 70h20 cm and a height of 12 cm. At the bottom of the boxes drilled several holes for water drainage and better aeration. Boxes filled with slightly acidic soil with a mixture of clay garden soil, sand, peat, humus and fresh pine sawdust (in equal parts) with the addition of wood ash.
Gathering the bulb with ripe stems of lilies, immediately drop them on grades up a notch depth of 2-3 cm at a distance of 4 cm from each other (in this placement on the box goes pochkolukovichek 70). Box digged in the earth in half-shaded garden, dry place. After 3-4 weeks of landing fed fermented plant extract weeds in combination with fly ash extract and a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Late in the autumn box harboring a dry leaf in the case of winter with little snow and a polyethylene film. Here, young lily remain until mid-September of the following year, when they were planted in a permanent place. Can be collected by the bulb planted in open ground ridge. But in the open ground care is worse than in the boxes, and hide more rare landing a little harder.
Pre-lilies before planting the bulb, it is desirable to stratify in Holo dilnike (at 3 to 4 Â°) for 3-4 weeks. Outdoors bulb planting depth - 2-3 cm distance between Bulba in a series of 5-6 cm between rows 20 to 25 cm. After planting, water the bulbochek ridge. In case of a prolonged warm weather seedlings lilies may appear the same in the fall.
Reproduction lily leaves.
During budding roses from the top of the stem gently pluck the leaves (the base) and planted them in a pot with drainage holes, or in a drawer. At the bottom of the container is poured drain, then - the nutrient substrate (layer 5-6 cm) from the top - the sand layer (3-4 cm). Leaves lilies deepen half their length in the inclined position. Soil moderately watered.
If planted in a pot leaves, then construct a small teplichku: stuck in a stick-props and put them on a transparent plastic bag, fixing gum packet edge on the rim of the pot. Need daily airing leaves, briefly removing the package and flicking condensate, and then return the package in place by unscrewing it inside out.
Box with upset leaves to retain moisture is covered with glass, which should be cleaned daily and turn. At the base of the leaves lilies planted soon formed bulbs that give the roots and let the leaves. In winter, the pot (box) can be put in a cool greenhouse or dig in the garden with warming (10-15 cm layer of manure or leaf mold). In the spring, young lily grown from leaves, planted in the garden.
Reproduction lily stems.
For breeding lilies separated from their stems with spring bulbs digging and gently pulls the stalks out of the ground after blooming lilies or seed maturation. The stems of lilies immediately planted in a greenhouse or in the garden, where they quickly take root. 1.5 months after planting stem underground bulblets formed on it.
To increase their numbers (up to 40 pieces) before planting the stem at its underground part of doing shallow longitudinal incisions. Plants obtained from the multiplication of the stem lilies bloom already 1-2 years old.