Reproduction lily seeds.
Many types of lilies can be propagated by seed, so they retain their species especially in seed reproduction.
Reproduction lilies seeds produces a lower cost of labor large number of plants, and lilies grow from seed are generally more healthy and powerful, well suited to the local climate in comparison with the propagated vegetatively. Seed propagation of lilies is also one of the ways to obtain new hybrid forms and varieties at the breeding work.
A lot of seeds give lily Uiolmotta, Tibetan, Henry, but some types of lilies seeds do not form. Produce viable seeds lily saffron, Daurian, drooping, regalia, Tibetan, Martagon, monochromatic Shovitsa, Maksimovic et al. Certain types of lilies (Canadian, snow-white, Longiflorum, special, luxurious, Hanson et al.) Require artificial pollination to produce viable seeds .
Seeds of lilies can sleep from the open bolls when fully ripe, or germinate directly in seed boxes in wet weather, so the boxes should be collected when browning, without waiting for their opening. Seed germination lilies saved 3-4 years (they should be stored in a refrigerator at low positive temperature), but better to sow the seeds of freshly harvested (in golden lilies - two years ago).
By the method of germination of seeds of lilies are divided into groups with above-ground and underground methods of germination, and the germination rate of seeds lilies are distinguished: fast and slow motion - it is necessary to consider, determining the optimal duration of seeding lilies.
Several species of lilies (Daurskaya, Perry, Philadelphia) are able to germinate and above ground and underground, and a group of Caucasian species lilies characterized transitional type of germination. When above-ground seed germination cotyledons comes to the surface of the soil and greens; in underground germination cotyledons remain in the soil, and after some time on the soil surface appears first true leaf. In some species of lilies sprouting may occur in the first year of vegetation, while others - for the second year.
The Caucasian lilies Shovitsa and odnobratstvennoy seed first formed small bulbs, and only for the next year shoots appear. For growing onions from seed trade of certain types of lilies can take from 3 to 7 years (accelerated development of the bulbs of lilies occurs after vernalization seeds germinated at a temperature of 5-8 degrees for 20-30 days - some of them may bloom the first year).
Seeds are the most cold-resistant species and hybrids lilies better sown in open ground on the ridge row sparsely (to avoid picking frequent emergence), with aisles of about 20 cm, at the end of October or in April. Seedlings lilies remain on beds without a transplant within 1-2 years and are planted in the fall to a permanent place. If the seed is small, it is better to sow in boxes or pots with good drainage (potsherds covered with a layer of fine charcoal) and light soil, and the seedlings are then raspikirovat in open ground. Substrate for sowing the seeds of lilies is composed of a mixture of humus, humus and sand (2: 1: 1).
When sowing seeds of American, East Asian species roses and their hybrids in the soil mixture is added one part peat. Sown seeds coated substrate, mixed with fine charcoal, a layer of 1 cm. Seedlings can raspikirovat lilies in pots and grown in greenhouses. During the summer they are fed 3-4 times with mullein and complete mineral fertilizer, combining fertilization with irrigation.
In August lily bulbs are planted on ridges at a depth of 3-8 cm at a distance of 10 to 15 cm, depending on their size, when boarding a ridge, a mixture of hardwood and sod land and a little sand. Autumn ridge insulated humus layer of about 5 cm, and in the winter harbor with dry leaves. More heat-loving species and varieties of roses are left to spend the winter in greenhouses, covering their shields, and on top - dry leaves and snow to keep the temperature not higher than 0 degrees.