Pulmonaria, or pulmonariya (Pulmonaria) - forestry rhizome plant of the family Boraginaceae (Boraginaceae) with oblong leaves covered with a small cannon. Bees come from deciduous forests and foothills of Europe and East Asia.
Russian name "Pulmonaria" is given to the plant for the abundance of honey - sweet nectar in its flowers. The Latin name "pulmonariya" was derived from the word "light", as it was believed that the leaves of the plant cures cough and lung diseases. In modern pharmacology Pulmonaria is almost never used, and in folk medicine it is used as an anti-inflammatory agent in certain diseases, for bleeding.
Planted in the garden Lungwort always attract the eye because of the very ornamental evergreen leaves. Over time, the sprawling plants form dense thickets (especially red Pulmonaria (P. rubra)).
In the most beautiful time of its existence, Lungwort come at the beginning of the new season, when covered with many small flowers on stalks raised above the leaves. Flowers Medunitsa, depending on the species and varieties of plants have different colors from white and pale blue to bright red (y lungwort red) and dark violet color. Bees have many species can be seen on a pink flower brush simultaneously and purple flowers.
Pulmonaria dark (P. obscura) is monotonously green, oblong-acuminate leaves and flowers of iridescent color, constantly changing throughout the flowering period. First flower tops pink, then gradually turns red and purple-violet, then - violet-blue and blue. Therefore, the color of each inflorescence to reveal the flowers at different times simultaneously present the whole range of colors.
Young leaves of Lungwort dark grow in early spring, they are very gentle and contain a variety of vitamins. Therefore, this kind of specially bred not only for garden decoration, but also as a useful salad plant.
Pulmonaria angustifolia (P.angustifolia, or P.azurea) also has leaves pure green color. With amye spectacular varieties of this species with bright blue flowers - Munstead Blue and Mawson "s Variety. Lungwort drug (P.officinalis) has oval green leaves with indistinct light spots; open flowers purplish-blue.
Highly valued Pulmonaria sugar or Whitespotted (P.saccharata) for a charming and decorative throughout the gardening season leaves covered with crisp silvery spots. On the basis of this kind have been many varieties, including Pink Down and Mrs Moon has pink flowers in different shades. European gardeners love and bred variety Lungwort for their beauty and simplicity.
One of the most popular varieties are:
- Redstart - Lungwort red variety, which is famous for its early flowering (in England it flowers from January to February);
- Lewis Palmer with pink and purple flowers.
In addition to its external advantages, Lungwort are excellent nectariferous and attract a lot of bees in the garden. Bees are quite cold-resistant, do not like direct sunlight and hot weather. They are willing to grow in partial shade, and are willing to put up with the constant shadow. It is in the shadow pattern on their leaves particularly bright, and the flowers become the most saturated color.
Bees love moisture, so respond well to mulching. In general, this is a very undemanding plant that will grow in any soil (although prefer humus-rich loamy). At the height of Lungwort reach 30-40 cm; landing distance 30cm. Lungwort planted in the right place in the garden, you can actually "forget" about them, as these plants do not need additional care.
Propagated by dividing the bush lungwort preferably in late summer or early autumn. Perhaps the seed propagation, but it should be noted that Lungwort pereopylyayutsya easily, so you should not expect to receive an identical offspring. To prevent self-seeding, break off the faded flower stalks before the seeds ripen.
The garden Lungwort best placed groups under deciduous trees and shrubs, in the light or deep shadow. Due to his habit to grow in large pillows, Pulmonaria is an excellent groundcover for shady corners of the garden. Can be planted in the front row Lungwort mixborders, if it is not located in direct sunlight.
In addition to the deciduous trees and shrubs, great partners Bees are other vesennetsvetuschie: primrose, hellebore, hostas, vinca Goryanka and early bulbs. Amazingly look Lungwort near Astilbe and ferns. High decoration, simplicity and love of the penumbra do Lungwort indispensable plant for landscaping and welcome each inhabitant amateur garden.