Daylily, gemerokallis (Hemerocallis) got its name from a compound Greek word "beautiful" and "day", ie "Beautiful for a day", hence the name of his Russian "krasodnev." Each daylily flower is short-lived - lived only one day, but in the many-(up to 50 flowers!) Paniculate inflorescences, crowning straight strong stalks daylily daily reveals new buds.
Legends daylily called "the flower of joy", a touch which takes away all sorrows and sadness. Daylily belongs to the family Liliaceae; small genus includes 23 species, native to eastern and central Asia, and North America.
Daylilies are grown in culture for many centuries, it is now known about 30,000 varieties with a broad range of typical color (in structure to Liliaceae) flowers funnel - from white to purple (only 16 colors) except pure blue. The diameter of the flowers varies from miniature to giant (3 cm and more than 17 cm).
By the nature of painting the exterior and inner perianth segments daylilies are divided into:
- Daylilies monochrome;
- Daylilies mixed (painted in two colors, which become one in the other);
- Daylilies multicolored (polychrome);
- Daylilies dvutonnye (outer and inner perianth lobes of the same color, but differ in the intensity of color);
- Daylilies bicolor (outer and inner perianth lobes are painted in different colors);
- Daylilies with contrasting area (center of the flower is painted, the average vein edge perianth segments and plikata).
The flowers of some varieties of silver shimmer in the sun ("diamond dust") or gold ("gold dust"). The shape of the flowers are 6 types: round, triangular, star, spider, orhideevidnye and informal (not related to previous views), there are varieties of dressing. Largest flower daylilies are divided into small, medium and large-.
Some daylilies open their flowers during the day (daytime), the other - in the afternoon until the next morning or afternoon (night), there are daylilies to prolong the period of flowering, blooming in the early morning one day to the early morning of another day. In cloudy weather, the flower slowly opens and live longer. Height of strong, almost leafless stems daylily depending on the variety ranges from 30 to 120 cm. Distinguish timing of flowering very early, early, middle, late, very late and everbearing (re-flowering) varieties daylilies.
Picking daylily varieties with different flowering times, we can achieve a continuous decorative garden from spring to autumn frosts. Daylilies are narrow, zlakovidnye shape, ribbed leaves are deciduous, alternate between 20 and 120 cm in length, collected in spreading fan - straight or curved in an arc, soft or hard; leaf color has different shades of green to green-blue with golden touches and stripes.
By type of rise leaves daylilies are divided into 3 groups: Group 1 - with a period of rest and wintering in the leafless state (grow in temperate and boreal regions, Group 2 - poluvechnozelÑ‘nye who die at the end of the growing season only the lower leaves, and after a period of dormancy growth daylilies resumes, Group 3 - evergreen, retaining green leaves throughout the year (daylilies 2 and 3 groups grow in regions with warm climates).
The variety of beautiful flowers of different shapes, color and size, decorative leaves and different height of daylilies depending on the variety, amazing compatibility with virtually all plants allow extensive use of daylilies in all types of Flower Garden. Besides, daylilies surprisingly unpretentious, hardy and extremely resistant to diseases and pests.
Lovers of sun and moisture, Daylilies grow well in open sunny areas of the garden (some varieties can withstand partial shade) with a light fertile soil and abundant watering in dry weather (but in areas with high groundwater levels requires good drainage and planting daylilies on high beds). In heavy soil before planting entered compost, rotted manure, sawdust, sand.
The best time for breeding - Fall; in cold regions daylilies need to share and plant out after flowering, so that they have time to take root well before the frost; You can divide daylilies and spring. Each delÑ‘nka should consist of a rhizome segment with several points of growth and shortened roots. The distance between the young plants should be at least half a meter - in fact sprawling daylilies can grow for many years without a transplant.
When planting the root collar is placed at the level of the soil, the roots are distributed evenly to the sides. Mulching after planting daylilies (peat, compost, straw, sawdust, pine needles, shredded pine bark, etc.), along with mulch to make fertilizer for rapid degradation of mulch and plant nutrition.
Daylilies in the spring fed with nitrogen, and during budding and flowering - phosphorus and potassium. After flowering conduct re-feeding for the active tab with a large number of daylily flower buds. Autumn before frost cut leaves, with a high level of snow cover and earthing up daylilies in the winter is not required. Caring for Daylilies usual: weeding, loosening the soil, removing yellowing leaves and withered stems.