Orchids (lady's slipper).
Pafiopedilyumy (pafiopedilumy) - original orchid with unusual coloring and a special form of flowers resembling a shoe, so all Common names similar orchid anyway reflect this similarity: "lady's slipper", "shoes of Venus", "ladies shoes", "flowers-moccasins "and" Adam's head, "" a young lady in a hat "," zozulka. "
There are about 80 species orhidey- "slipper", mainly terrestrial, and the set of stable (compared to the botanical species) hybrids differing very long spectacular flowering and relatively simple cultivation techniques.
Orchids- "shoes" have no pseudobulbs and form a rosette-shoots, consisting of several leaves (monochromatic green, as well as with light or dark spots, often thick and hard, long and narrow). Each formed rosette of leaves from the center of the orchid produces only one flower spike up to 30 cm with a single or a few flowers of up to 10 cm; flowers are held from a few weeks to several months.
Petals of flowers in various pafiopedilyumov come in different shapes and lengths, with striking color (white, yellow, green, pink, red, brown, purple), shades and pattern: striped, spotted or tigristye. In the axils of the leaves after flowering formation of new young sockets, which in future will form a flower arrow.
Evergreen pafiopedilyumy can bloom at different times of the year (depending on the species and varieties), often their flowering takes place twice a year. In some species the "slipper" has its own peculiarities of growing (eg, some species require before flowering reduce watering and maintenance in the cool to stimulate flowering, or watering restrictions after flowering, while others - not). However, there are general guidelines for the care and maintenance of "slippers".
Growing in the nature of the canopy trees pafiopedilyumy require summer poluzatenenÑ‘nnogo location without direct sunlight with the influx of fresh air; winter - light, but non-solar location. All year round "shoes" grow at a moderate room temperature; it is desirable that the night was a little cooler than during the day.
Watering them to be regular, but moderate (after drying of the substrate); winter watering is limited (from over-watering the plants rot). "Shoes" provide high humidity; periodically sprayed with no leaves, and the air around the plant. Dry indoor air provokes the appearance of orchid pests: scale insects and spider mites.
Transplant pafiopedilyumov produced after flowering, but only if necessary (if the substrate lost looseness and became stale). Transfer can be made for the division of orchid breeding, but one should remember that the more solid the size of the plant, so it is prettier and hardier. Small doses of fertilizer for "slippers" are made from April to September every three weeks; in the rest, the concentration of fertilizer is reduced and the interval between dressings increases.