Most orchids genus Cymbidium (Cymbidium) come from countries of tropical Asia and Australia. Aesthetic qualities and the relative ease of cultivation Cymbidium contributed to their wide distribution in the collections of orchid lovers and greenhouses around the world. Coming to Russia from Poland Cymbidium are called "storchiki."
There are about fifty species of evergreen Cymbidium (epiphytic and terrestrial) and a large number of colorful dolgotsvetuschih hybrids. Cymbidium forms oval pseudobulbs with long remnevidnymi leaves. In many-flowered Cymbidium brush formed ten or more showy flowers, the color of which delights surprising variety: white, cream, yellow, green, orange, pink, red, brown, violet with a wealth of shades.
Of all the orchids Cymbidium is characterized captivating beauty and remarkable stability of fine and very delicate in appearance, but long-lived flowers, is most often used for cutting. Cut flower stalks and separate tsvetki- "souvenirs" Cymbidium stored for a long time, at least a month. A variety of Cymbidium vary greatly not only in color, but also the size of the flowers, so are able to cater for all tastes. Some Cymbidium grown as ampelo, and some flowers have a smell.
Among Cymbidium meet:
- Tall (so-called "standard") with large flowers with a diameter of about 10 cm, using a straight sturdy peduncle almost meter length;
- Compact (so-called "miniature"), characterized by an abundance of small flowers.
Cymbidium successfully grown as orhideevody experienced as well as beginners.
These orchids grow well in cool ventilated greenhouse conditions, and in a room with moderate temperature. Most often in Cymbidium flower arrows appear in the winter, but some species and varieties bloom at other times of the year (spring, summer, autumn). With proper care Cymbidium bloom can last 2-2.5 months, sometimes longer.
Flower spike grows from the youngest bulbs. Cymbidium flower growing up arrow length greater than 20 cm need support to spike does not bend under the weight of numerous flowers. Therefore, next to a flower growing arrow (but not at the edge of the pot, where the set of roots) is inserted into a long stick and a strong tie to her spike to preserve the vertical position.
Cymbidium for good growth need plenty of fresh air and scattered light, so in the summer it is recommended standard content types and old miniature copies of the fresh air, away from direct sunlight. Cymbidium love summer heat, and in August they needed a fresh coolness of the night, as the heat content of a negative effect on flowering (optimum 20 degrees during the day, 17 degrees at night).
From March to the end of September held abundant watering and fertilizing Cymbidium orchid fertilizer once a month; late fall and winter watering is reduced. It is important to maintain an easy substrate moisture and humidity around the orchid, periodically spray the leaves (otherwise they may appear spider mite).
Cymbidium transplant carried out every 2 years after flowering using orchidaceous substrate. When the pot gets very crowded, cymbidium stops growing. For reproduction Cymbidium laboratory method used meristem. Florists amateur practice vegetative (dividing pseudobulbs Transfer) and seed reproduction.