House for seedlings of orchids.
Currently, many firms are engaged in the cultivation of orchids on a commercial scale. And accordingly, the complex process of reproduction and germination of orchids in artificial media they have well established. Orchid seeds fall into this culture medium, mainly in two ways.
- The first - the laboratory, when the seeds are collected in laboratories and greenhouses (common in industrialized countries).
- The second method is practiced in Southeast Asia, India: orchid seeds collected in the jungle, are placed in a nutrient medium, which usually successfully germinate.
Capacity for germination of orchid may be different from the conventional bottle and ending special glass bulb (these containers are usually sealed). If we choose the seedlings in their glass and plastic "houses", then the best option is when the plants are firmly "sit" in the tank - if it is not turning the shift in hand, do not bend or break.
For example, if the seedlings of orchids in the bottle freely hang out there and spinning, each bend leaf orchid plants may give rise to disease, various rots. While orchid seedlings segregated glass cones, you can not touch and feel the freshness, elasticity of germs and their vulnerability. It is better not to rush to take out of the tank little sprouts orchid - albeit they are getting used to my circumstances; germinate even those that only hatch.
It is desirable to remove from the container seedlings of orchids, when the heat in spring or summer, when the leaves of the seedlings have already touched the top of the tank. In the meantime, the main thing for young seedlings of orchids - a bulb that gives light and heat for 12-16 hours a day. There is still time to think about how to grow these seedlings, what equipment to prepare for their successful growth.
There are many methods of cultivation of seedlings of orchids. But there are two contentious issues - the intensity of growing orchids and priority in what conditions are needed to ensure their seedlings. Growing intensity varies depending on the length of daylight, the frequency of the use of fertilizers. As for the conditions, then one option is to create a copy of the habitat of the species, and a single step of the way. Another option - a cross: orchid seedlings to create conditions close to natural, but, after all, home.
There is an alternative: orchid seedling to grow rapidly, but at the same time deplete its vital resources and, in the end, get a frail sickly plant, sensitive to habitat change; or - to grow vigorous, healthy plant that is adapted to the given conditions, but not as extreme pace. Let this orchid will grow up and will flower later, but it is natural, the natural cycle of the plant, causing joy, not fear that the pet can "kick in".
What do we have available? The first - a greenhouse. Greenhouses any necessary and important. If seedlings of orchids is small (only one or three), then you can do teplichku made independently from a plastic bottle. For example, takes five-liter bottle from under the water and cut the upper part (here is the roof of the greenhouse, see photo). In the roof, you can insert a cooler on the battery that will provide adequate ventilation.
On the side walls of the bottom part of the bottle 3-4 puncture hole. At the bottom of the bottle is necessary to pour a little water and put a piece of foam with holes for the passage of moisture. Your greenhouse is ready. Put a thermometer and hygrometer inside, on the basis of evidence which you will adjust the greenhouse temperature, humidity, ventilation. Do not place pots of seedlings of orchids on the holes in the foam, or the substrate may be in them constantly wet, which will lead eventually to the disease of seedlings and loss of roots.
For more seedlings of orchids need a real greenhouse. Forms and types of greenhouses set, but will choose the one that will be useful for those in her pets (and not one that will seem more beautiful and graceful). More suited for seedlings of orchids Teplicka, where they will be a light, warm and humid, where you can adjust the air flow in accordance with the requirements of the plants.