Seating seedlings of orchids.
It is desirable to remove from the container and plant out seedlings of orchids in the warm season: spring or summer, when the leaves of the seedlings already touch the top tank. And while there is still time to think, what to grow these seedlings. What is the substrate for seedlings of orchids to choose? Substrate for seedlings of orchids should be air, not slÑ‘zhivatsya, retain moisture in moderate amounts, to form a warm and moist environment.
The structure of the substrate for orchids can be included:
- Small pieces of coal trees;
- Chopped sphagnum moss;
- Chopped moss "ragged linen";
- Coconut fiber (shot with coconut fiber);
- Coconut "chips" (diced coconut fiber);
- Pine bark (size 1-2 cm);
- Larch bark (1-2 cm);
- Larch bark (1-2 cm);
- Styrofoam balls.
In the hot tropical countries epiphytic orchids are often put in one as soon as coal (especially Dendrobium and Cattleya). Orhidey- "babies" often can be found in the substrate of coconut "chips" or coconut fibers. Grown seedlings of different types of orchids are placed in pots made of large pieces of bark.
The most common material for adults epiphytic plants - a bark of conifers. In this case, it is not preferable for orchid seedlings as fresh bark can not long hold moisture, dries quickly.
Sphagnum moss - a great material, but it is quickly gaining a lot of water (it gets wet, but not wet), closely adjacent to the roots and, in the case of low temperature, it becomes "cold compress" for young and tender roots of seedlings of orchids. In sphagnum moss can add small pieces of coal and foam balls. If you choose the moss, then you need to remember that it should be moist, but not wet.
There is a way of seating orchids in two stages: first, all the seedlings (which are, for example, in a one-pot) in the same form of land in one tank, and after a while the plants are seated, each - separately. But this method has its drawbacks.
- Firstly, orchid seedlings bottled develop unevenly, so the more advanced instances grows oppress retarded.
- Secondly, for the transfer of all seedlings of orchids in the total capacity will soon be Seating plants that will be difficult, since the roots of the plants are already heavily intertwined, the leaves curl.
Therefore preferable to plant out each seedling orchids separately, which enables close monitoring of each flower, the adoption of urgent measures if necessary (without disturbing while other plants), as well as the opportunity for a long time then do not bother orchid seedling after transplanting.
The best option is Seating orchid seedlings in plugs: they placed each plant separately, but at the same time - like with the others. In some pots should be pre-make holes on the sides.
That came he was a crucial moment of seating seedlings of orchids. If the containers for seedlings was used plastic bottle, then it is better to cut. If the "house" for orchid seedlings had a tiny glass vial Wide, and the quantity of seedlings only 1-2 cm, then to retrieve them can come in handy with the tweezers swathed wool clips.
If the capacity of prisoners in her orchid seedlings with a narrow neck, is rather extensive and glass, you have to break it. Terrible, of course. Glass bottle with orchid seedlings gleam in the light bulbs: Now all this beauty will have to destroy to get to light a bunch of new small orhideek.
So, wrap in newspaper glass container with orchids, put it on the side. Now it is important to correct example with a hammer to break a bottle with a single blow, without disturbing at the same time none of the leaf-spine seedlings of orchids. With the right side hit the bottle breaking, while the bottom remains unharmed along with nutritious jelly (agar-agar) and plants.
The next important stage - extracted from the washing container seedlings of orchids; for this you need to prepare in advance a lot of warm boiled water. It would seem that the longer saved for seedling growth medium in which the plant is developed, the better. However, the smallest particles of nutrient jelly left on the sheets of paper or the backs of seedlings of orchids, cause the formation of black mold, which ultimately leads to the appearance of rot.
Each extracted from the tank orchid seedling is carefully washed in warm water, the water should be changed several times. Water should always be clean and warm for each seedling. All the affected or doubtful parts of the plants are removed. In this small seedling orchids, undergone surgery, as well as everyone else to be treated by a fungicide / preservative.
If you plant orchids in the drawer, you need to sort out the seedlings in size: in one place the cassette is already well developed plants, the other - smaller orchids. When you will break the bottle, you can find along with large orchid seedlings are tiny, just hatched seyantsy- "tails" with the embryo leaves. Several such seedlings can be put together in one pot or one section of the cassette.
The basic rule when planting seedlings of orchids -nelzya put wet seedlings in the greenhouse, before this, they must be dried. To do this, gently blotted on each leaf and spine seedling specially prepared paper handkerchiefs, making sure that the leaves do not remain between the drops of water.
But what about the tiny seedlings to plant orchids?
First of all, try not to bury them deep. The whole plant should be fully on, and in the substrate are placed only his roots. If this monopodial orchids prefer to have as an adult open roots, when planting seedlings of their roots barely cover the substrate. If this Phalaenopsis or Cattleya, the roots of these seedlings are placed inside the pot.
There is a recommendation that the orchid seedling at planting should be placed vertically. But tiny Wanda or kagavara thrive, while in several tilted position. Thus, all orchids are placed in their places.