At all times and among all peoples of the vast variety of colors in the first place was always put throne rose. Her beauty, perfection of form and lovely scent sung by poets, composed of her legend, she knocked in stone, painted, minted coins, she devoted holidays. Wreaths of roses crowned heroes, and the petals and seeds of the "queen of flowers" was used for the preparation of beverages and sweets, they were part of the drug.
First roses in culture appeared in the Middle East. Iran (Persia), famous for roses, was named Gulistan - "Rose Garden", where Rose began its triumphal march around the world - in ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome, France, Italy, Germany. In China and India, in the subtropical regions of Southeast Asia from the local wild species with white-pink, red and yellow colors to create a variety of roses, which is in the XVIII century also reached Europe.
At this time in the gardens of the Kremlin dog-roses were in bloom, and later - Terry Rose. In large quantities, they were bred under Peter I and Catherine II, especially when in the Park, in the palace gardens and estates. In ornamental horticulture roses are divided into groups with the same external characteristics and biological features: park and garden.
Park include wild species, their cultural forms, hybrids, varieties. They are decorative and fragrant, early and bloom profusely, attract bees resistant to frost and disease, unpretentious, easy to breed. Most of the species and their varieties bloom once, but there are everbearing - rose wrinkled and its hybrids. Rejuvenation pruning to a strong base of the bush is lush undergrowth. In addition to wrinkled to park roses include: iglistaya, cinnamon, bedrentsovolistnaya, yellow, white, French, or tsentifolnaya stolepestnaya, tsentifolno-moss.
Garden roses are derived from hybrids - the results of many different kinds of crosses, combining their best qualities: doubleness and aroma, elegant shape of the flower and the beauty of the bush-bearing. To garden roses include hybrid tea, polyanthus, floribunda, grandiflora, miniature, climbing.
Roses grow in a variety of forms: bush, shtambovoy, curly - so great possibilities of their use in the design of the garden. And the little bushes, and large rose bushes admire most delicate fragrant flowers of different colors in contrast to the prickly stem, with beautiful green leaves and bright young shoots.
Roses reproduce in two ways: by seeds and vegetatively. Seed method is used for breeding purposes; the cultivation of wild roses as rootstocks for grafting; when propagated varieties of roses that give viable seeds. Roses that do not form seeds or pass their quality at planting, propagated vegetatively: dividing the bush; rooting cuttings, scions, stem and root cuttings; grafting.
Plants grown from rooted cuttings, layering and dividing the bush, called root-genuine. In case of death of the aerial part of the root collar at the own-rooted roses produce new shoots of the same kind, and in vaccinated roses grow wild rose shoots. Own-rooted roses grow more slowly vaccinated less resistant to adverse factors and malozimostoyki compared with grafted.
Propagated by dividing the bushes of wild roses in addition to non-grafted garden roses in early spring bush dig, divide into several parts (each part should have a root system and one or more shoots, which shorten the length of a quarter), and planted in a permanent place.
Propagated by layering almost all kinds of roses in spring before bud shoots bend down and peg to the loose earth, sleep on top of a mixture of ground with humus or peat. By the fall of rooted cuttings, and the following spring, and apportion them and planted in a permanent place.
Stem woody cuttings propagated garden roses (rare because of the difficulty rooting) lignified stem segments 15-20 cm in length are harvested in the fall after leaf fall, store them in the sand prikopalis in frost-free place, and in the spring planted in the ground.
Green cuttings propagated rose at the beginning of flowering stalks are cut at the beginning of odrevesnevaniya shoots. Cuttings, cut out too much green or woody shoots, rooted worse. Green cuttings can also try to propagate your favorite rose, blooming in the vase. Grafting - the most common method of propagation of roses: wild rose on the young seedlings (rootstock) grafted part of the shoot or bud roses cultural (scion).
Rosary for optimal land, facing south, protected from cold winds, to light enriched with humus soils with deep groundwater. Roses need special care: pruning, weeding, hoeing, mulching, watering, plucking buds on young bushes, undergrowth removal, disease prevention, pest control, fertilization, shelter for the winter - abundant flowering roses serve as a reward for all the work.
To the delight of lovers of roses, do not have a garden, created stunted varieties, miniature versions of garden roses are suitable for growing in the apartment.