Roses from seed.
Seed propagation method roses used to develop new varieties, as well as for the seedlings of those species roses that give viable seeds. Roses that do not give full of seeds or seedlings do not pass their quality, propagated by other means (vegetative and grafting).
Easily propagated by seeds and suitable for grafting: rose canina (rose ordinary, or canine), rose cinnamon, rose iglistaya, krasnolistnyh rose, rose wrinkled. The fruits of these roses are collected in the second half of summer, when they acquire their characteristic red or yellow color. Immediately after harvest of the fruits of the seeds are removed, which is mixed with a clean wet river sand or a mixture of sand and peat (4: 1), placed in a box and clean the basement.
Rose seeds are not dried - from reduced vigor. Stratification of seeds lasts 8-18 months at a temperature of 2-3 degrees, sufficient moisture and free access to air. Rose wrinkled seeds and cinnamon roses can be sown in the ground without stratification in autumn; shoots appear in the spring of next year.
Recently appeared on the market the seeds compact profusely polyanthas roses that can be grown seedling method and use them for growing in the garden, and in the culture room. Seeds polyanthas roses also require stratification, so deal with them in a pot planting seedlings better in the winter, to a season bushes well grown and matured for the winter.
Before stratified seeds can be treated with growth stimulants to enhance the growth processes and accelerate germination. Seeds planted in a pot with moist substrate, pressing into the soil and sprinkle a thin layer of wet sand, slightly upolotnyaya it. Crops sprayed with water from a spray bottle, put the pot in a plastic bag inflated with air, and tied for two weeks in the room, and then removed in a cool place (5-7 В° C) on the stratification, which lasts 1-2 months.
With good quality seed and pre-soaking in the stimulator sprouts roses may appear during the period of stratification, so you should check back often crops, winding and, if necessary, moisten the substrate. When the germs need to put the pot in a bright cool place to seedlings are not stretched; protect seedlings from sunlight.
Charming and unpretentious Chinese Rose "Wings of Angels" (height 30 cm), relating to "express perennials", reaches a height of 30 cm. It is suitable for open ground, and to grow in the room; Thrives well in the sun and with a light shade. The seeds of this rose does not require stratification, and flowering occurs after 10-11 weeks after sowing! Sowing seeds in the beginning of February, already in May holidays you can admire the first flowers. It's amazing to see how a small bush, which is still "from a pot two inches", there are tiny buds and disclosed touchingly gentle "angelic" flowers.
When sowing seeds in a pot with moist loose substrate they sprinkle a thin layer (2 mm) of the substrate or fine vermiculite. Then lightly compacted and moisturize crops, put the pot in an inflated plastic bag, tie it on. The optimum temperature for germination is 18-20 degrees. When you create the optimal conditions for the growth of seedlings appear in 20-30 days. During the growth of the seedlings is recommended temperature of 10-14 degrees. Swordplay (transplant) bushes held from mid-April to mid-May.
Rose "Wings of Angels" is suitable for gardeners who like undersized thick
Rose bushes with an abundance of small flowers. This rose bush until October completely strewn with delicate white-pink, semi-double and double dressing (about 80%), flowers, gathered in many-flowered inflorescence. Removing faded blossoms stimulates the formation of new flowers. Left to spend the winter in the garden this rose bush shelter in the traditional way.